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The gender wage gap by education in Italy


This paper studies the gender wage gap by educational attainment in Italy using the 1994–2001 ECHP data. We estimate wage distributions in the presence of covariates and sample selection separately for highly and low educated men and women. Then, we decompose the gender wage gap across all the wage distribution and isolate the part due to gender differences in the remunerations of the similar characteristics. We find that women are penalized especially if low educated. When we control for sample selection induced by unobservables, the penalties for low educated women become even larger, above all at the bottom of the wage distribution.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Matteo Picchio.

Additional information

Data from the European Community Household Panel Survey 1994–2001 are used with the permission of Eurostat (contract ECHP/2012/02). The results and conclusions are those of the authors and not those of Eurostat, the European Commission, or any of the authorities whose data have been used. Chiara Mussida acknowledges financial support by Fondazione di Piacenza e Vigevano. Matteo Picchio acknowledges financial support by the Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO), Belgium, during the period at Sherppa and the Department of Social Economics of Ghent University, from October 2011 until October 2012.

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Mussida, C., Picchio, M. The gender wage gap by education in Italy. J Econ Inequal 12, 117–147 (2014).

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  • Gender wage gap
  • Education
  • Counterfactual distributions
  • Decompositions
  • Hazard function

JEL Classification

  • C21
  • C41
  • J16
  • J31
  • J71