Multidimensional poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean: new evidence from the Gallup World Poll

Abstract

This paper studies poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean from a multidimensional perspective, exploiting the Gallup World Poll, a survey that provides a unique opportunity to perform intercountry comparisons. By applying factor analysis we find that welfare can be appropriately summarized by three dimensions: income, subjective welfare and “basic needs”. Another finding is that the US$ 1 line appears to be a reasonable cut-off value to measure food deprivation.

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Correspondence to Leonardo Gasparini.

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This study is a follow-up of a study commissioned by the IDB’s Latin American Research Network on Quality of Life in Latin America and the Caribbean. Gallup has generously provided the microdata of the Gallup World Polls 2006. We are grateful to Eduardo Lora, Ravi Kanbur, Jere Berhman, Carlos Vélez, Marcelo Neri, Carol Graham, Mauricio Cárdenas, Mariano Rojas, and seminar participants at the IDB, LACEA, NIP,WIDER, ISQOLS, and UNLP for helpful comments and suggestions. We thank the editor, Jean-Yves Duclos and two anonymous referees for useful suggestions that helped improve this paper considerably. We are especially grateful to Pablo Glüzmann, Adriana Conconi, Andrés Ham and Germán Caruso for outstanding research assistance. The usual disclaimer applies.

CEDLAS is the Center for Distributional, Labor and Social Studies at Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (Argentina). Web page: cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar.

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Gasparini, L., Sosa-Escudero, W., Marchionni, M. et al. Multidimensional poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean: new evidence from the Gallup World Poll. J Econ Inequal 11, 195–214 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10888-011-9206-z

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Keywords

  • Latin America
  • Caribbean
  • Deprivation
  • Poverty
  • Welfare
  • Multidimensional
  • Gallup