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Identification and Field Evaluation of the Sex Pheromone of Orthaga achatina (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

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Abstract

Orthaga achatina (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is the most serious pest in south China of camphor trees, Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl, an important urban tree species. Gas chromatography-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) of the sex pheromone of O. achatina showed three EAD-active components. Coupled gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analyses identified these as (Z)-11-hexadecenol (Z11–16:OH), (Z)-11-hexadecenyl acetate (Z11–16:OAc), and (3Z,6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-tricosapentaene (Z3,Z6,Z9,Z12,Z15–23:H). In field tests using different combinations of the three compounds, male moths were attracted to a mixture of Z11–16:OAc and Z3,Z6,Z9,Z12,Z15–23:H, but less attracted to other blends. Further field tests with different ratios of the two compounds determined the optimal ratio of the binary blend as 500:250. The addition of Z11–16:OH to Z11–16:OAc, or to the binary mixture of Z11–16: OAc and the pentaene did not yield higher catches. This shows that O. achatina uses a mixture of Type I and Type II sex pheromone components. Orthaga achatina is the third Pyraloidea species found to utilize Z3,Z6,Z9,Z12,Z15–23:H as a sex pheromone component.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank the two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript. We thank Li-Min Fang in Wujiang Station of Plant Protection and Inspection for helping field trap experiments. This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (31601645) and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (BK20160723, BK2011383).

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Correspondence to Shuang-Lin Dong.

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Yan, Q., Li, HD., Chen, Y. et al. Identification and Field Evaluation of the Sex Pheromone of Orthaga achatina (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J Chem Ecol 44, 886–893 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-018-0997-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-018-0997-2

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