Advertisement

Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 719–727 | Cite as

Effects of Mechanical Wounding on Essential Oil Composition and Emission of Volatiles from Minthostachys mollis

  • Erika BanchioEmail author
  • Julio Zygadlo
  • Graciela R. Valladares
Original Article

Abstract

Plant tissues may show chemical changes following damage. This possibility was analyzed for Minthostachys mollis, a Lamiaceae native to Central Argentina with medicinal and aromatic uses in the region. Effects of mechanical damage on its two dominant monoterpenes, pulegone and menthone, were analyzed by perforating M. mollis leaves and then assessing essential oil composition at 24, 48, and 120 hr; emission of volatiles was also measured 24 and 48 hr after wounding. Mechanical damage resulted in an increase of pulegone and menthone concentration in M. mollis essential oil during the first 24 hr. These changes did not occur in the adjacent undamaged leaves, suggesting a lack of systemic response. Postwounding changes in the volatiles released from M. mollis damaged leaves were also detected, most noticeably showing an increase in the emission of pulegone. Inducible chemical changes in aromatic plants might be common and widespread, affecting the specific compounds on which commercial exploitation is based.

Key Words

Phytochemical induction aromatic plants Lamiaceae mechanical wounding monoterpenes pulegone menthone Minthostachys mollis 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was supported by a grant from the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas to E. Banchio.

References

  1. Baldwin, I. T., Preston, C. A. 1999The eco-physiological complexity of plant responses to insect herbivoresPlanta208137145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bekele, J., Hassanali, A. 2001Blend effects in the toxicity of the essential oil constituents of Ocimum kilimandscharicum and Ocimum kenyense (Labiateae) on two post-harvest insect pestPhytochemistry57385391CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ciccia, G., Coussio, J., Mongelli, E. 2000Insecticidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae of some medicinal South American plantsJ. Ethnopharmacol.72185189CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Clausen, T. P., Reichardt, P. B, Bryant, J. P., Werner, V. 1991Short-term and long-term induction in quaking aspen: Related phenomenon?Tallamy, D. W.Rau, M. J. eds. Phytochemical Induction by HerbivoresWileyNew York7183Google Scholar
  5. Constabel, C. P., Ryan, C. A. 1998A survey of wound and methyl jasmonate-induced leaf polyphenol oxidase in crop plantsPhytochemistry47507511Google Scholar
  6. Leo, F., Bonade-Bottino, M. A., Cecl, L. R., Gallerani, R., Jouanin, L. 1998Opposite effects on Spodoptera littoralis larvae of high expression level of a trypsin proteinase inhibitor in transgenic plantsPlant Physiol.1189971004PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Moraes, C. M., Lewis, D. J., Paré, P. W., Alborn, H. T., Tumlinson, J. H. 1998Herbivore-infested plants selectively attract parasitoidsNature393570573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ellis, M. D., Baxendale, F. P. 1997Toxicity of seven monoterpenoids to tracheal mites (Acari: Tarsonemidae) and their honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) hosts when applied as fumigantsJ. Econ. Entomol.9010871091Google Scholar
  9. Fournet, A., Rojas De Arias, A., Charles, B., Bruneton, J. 1996Chemical constituents of essential oils of Muña, Bolivian plants traditionally used as pesticides, and their insecticidal properties against Chagas disease vectorsJ. Ethnopharmacol.52145149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Franzios, G., Mirotsou, M., Hatziapostolou, E., Kral, J., Scouras, Z. G., Mavragani-Tsipidou, P. 1997Insecticidal and genotoxic activities of mint essential oilJ. Agric. Food Chem.4526902694Google Scholar
  11. Gatehouse, J. A. 2002Plant resistance towards insect herbivores: A dynamic interactionNew Physiol.156145169Google Scholar
  12. Gershenzon, J., Mcconkey, M. E., Croteau, R. B. 2000Regulation of monoterpene accumulation in leaves of peppermintPlant Physiol.122205213PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Guillet, G., Bélanger, A., Arnason, J. T. 1998Volatile monoterpenes in Porophyllum gracile and P. ruderale (Asteraceae): Identification, localization and insecticidal synergism with α-terthienylPhytochemistry49423429Google Scholar
  14. Harrewijn, P., Minks, A. K., Mollema, C. 1994Evolution of plant volatile production in insect–plant relationshipsChemoecology5/65573Google Scholar
  15. Harrewijn, P., Oosten, A. M., Piron, P. G. M. 2001Natural Terpenoids as Messengers. A Multidisciplinary Study of Their Production, Biological Functions and Practical ApplicationsKluwer Academic PublishersLondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Hummelbrunner, L. A., Isman, M. B. 2001Acute, sublethal, antifeedant, and synergistic effects of monoterpenoid essential oil compounds on the tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Lep. Noctuide)J. Agric. Food Chem.49715720PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Isman, M. B. 2000Plant essential oil for pest and disease managementCrop Prot.19603608Google Scholar
  18. Jongsma, M. A., Bolter, C. 1997The adaptation of insects to plant protease inhibitorsJ. Insect Physiol.43885895PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Karban, R., Baldwin, I. T. 1997Induced Responses to HerbivoryChicago University PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  20. Lamiri, A., Lhaloui, S., Benjilali, B., Berrada, M. 2001Insecticidal effects of essential oils against Hessian fly Mayetiola destructor (Say)Field Crops Res.71915Google Scholar
  21. Langenheim, J. H. 1994Higher plant terpenoides: A phytocentric overview of their ecological rolesJ. Chem. Ecol.2012231280Google Scholar
  22. Lee, S. E., Lee, B. H., Choi, W. S., Park, B. S., Kim, J. G., Campbell, B. C. 2001Fumigant toxicity of volatile natural products from Korean spices and medicinal plants towards the rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae (L)Pest Manag. Sci.57548553PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Mc Auslane, H. J., Alborn, H. T., Toth, J. P. 1997Systemic induction of terpenoid aldehydes in cotton pigment glands by feeding of larval Spodoptera exiguaJ. Chem. Ecol.2328612879Google Scholar
  24. Paré, P. W., Tumlinson, J. H. 1997De novo biosynthesis of volatiles induced by insect herbivory in cotton plantPlant Physiol.11411611167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Paré, P. W., Tumlinson, J. H. 1999Plant volatiles as a defense against insect herbivoresPlant Physiol.121325331PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Phillips, T. W., Parajulee, M. N., Weaver, D. K. 1995Toxicity of terpenes secreted by the predator Xylocoris flavipes (Reuter) to Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.)J. Stored Prod. Res.31131138Google Scholar
  27. Tumlinson, J. H., Paré P. W., and Lewis, W. J. 1999. Plant production of volatile semiochemicals in response to insect derived elicitors, pp. 95-109. in J. Chadwick and J. Goode (eds.). Insect–Plant Interactions and Induced Plant Defense. John Wiley Journal: Novartis Foundation Symposium 323.Google Scholar
  28. Turlings, T. C. J., Tumlinson, J. H., Lewis, W. J. 1990Exploitation of herbivore-induced plant odors by host-seeking parasitic waspsScience25012511253Google Scholar
  29. Tyson, B. J., Dement, W. A., Mooney, H. A. 1974Volatilisation of terpenes from Salvia melliferaNature252119120Google Scholar
  30. Valladares, G. R., Zapata, A., Zygadlo, J., Banchio, E. 2002Phytochemical induction by herbivores could affect quality of essential oil from aromatic plantsJ. Agric. Food Chem.5040594061PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Werker, E. 1993Function of essential oil secreting glandular hairs in aromatic plants of the Lamiaceae. A reviewFlavour Fragr. J.8249255Google Scholar
  32. Zabaras, D., Wyllie, S. G. 2001The effect of mechanical wounding on the composition of essential oil from Ocimum minimum L. leavesMolecules67986Google Scholar
  33. Zabaras, D., Sponner-Hart, R. N., Wyllie, S. G. 2002Effects of mechanical wounding on concentration and composition of essential oil from Melaleuca alternifoia leavesBiochem. Syst. Ecol.30399412Google Scholar
  34. Zygadlo, J. A., Maestri, D. M., Lamarque, A. L., Guzman, C. A., Velasco-Negueruela, A., Perez-Alonso, M. J., GarcíA-Vallejos, M. C., Grosso, N. R. 1996Essential oil variability of Minthostachys verticillataBiochem. Syst. Ecol.24319323Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erika Banchio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Julio Zygadlo
    • 2
  • Graciela R. Valladares
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigaciones Entomológicas, FCEFYNUniversidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina
  2. 2.Cátedra de Química Orgánica, FCEFYNUniversidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina

Personalised recommendations