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Cognitive and Motor Skills of People with Down Syndrome According to Their Perceived Self-Determination

Abstract

The theory of self-determination considers that both environmental issues (such as the opportunity of choice) and intra-individual factors are correlated or predictive of self-determination. With regard to within-individual factors, some studies have explored the links between intellectual functioning and self-determination in people with Down Syndrome (DS). But the links between self-determination and certain cognitive (memory and language) and motor skills have not been clearly established. In this study, we compared three groups of people with DS ranked according to their self-determination scores with a group of adult controls. The comparison covered various areas of cognitive and motor skills. The results show that the most self-determined individuals with DS have better skills in many areas such as memory, motor and language skills, compared to the least self-determined individuals. The theory of self-determination allows us to interpret our results in terms of the role of the environment (and appropriate environmental supports) in the development of self-determination and through the more frequent achievement of daily activities, in the development of cognitive and motor skills.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    CPP: Committee for the Protection of Persons for the Aquitaine and French overseas territories.

  2. 2.

    COERLE: Ethics committee of the French National Institute for computer science and applied mathematics (INRIA).

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the International Foundation of Applied Disability Research and the Comité national Coordination Action Handicap.

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Correspondence to Audrey Landuran.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. This informed consent was signed by the people with DS and their parents.

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In accordance with the Helsinki convention and the local CPP (Committee for the Protection of Persons for the Aquitaine and French overseas territories) and COERLE Ethics committee of the French National Institute for computer science and applied mathematics—INRIA) agreements were obtained.

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Landuran, A., Raynaud, C. & N’kaoua, B. Cognitive and Motor Skills of People with Down Syndrome According to Their Perceived Self-Determination. J Dev Phys Disabil (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-021-09791-z

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Keywords

  • Intellectual disability
  • Adults with Down syndrome
  • Self-determination
  • Memory
  • Motor profile