Outcomes of Staff Training in Positive Behaviour Support: A Systematic Review

Abstract

Positive Behavior Support has been shown to be effective in minimizing challenging behavior. Therefore training staff in Positive Behaviour Support would appear to be helpful in improving support to people with challenging behavior. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the research on the outcomes of Positive Behavior Support training. There are no other published reviews of Positive Behavior Support training outcomes. Searches were carried out using key words to identify studies which reported on Positive Behavior Support training. Following this, studies were evaluated against criteria for inclusion. 14 studies were identified by the review. Six studies focused on outcomes for staff. Four focused on outcomes for service users. Four studies reported outcomes for both staff and service users. Staff outcomes included changes in skills, confidence, knowledge, attributions and emotional responses. Service user outcomes demonstrated reduction in levels of challenging behaviour, but no evidence of change in quality of life was evident in the one study that evaluated this. Research demonstrates that Positive Behavior Support training has had a positive impact on knowledge, emotional responding, and attributions of staff. In addition, there is evidence of reductions in levels of challenging behaviour from service users. However, no evidence was found for Positive Behavior Support training having a positive impact on quality of life for service users.

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MacDonald, A., McGill, P. Outcomes of Staff Training in Positive Behaviour Support: A Systematic Review. J Dev Phys Disabil 25, 17–33 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-012-9327-8

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Keywords

  • Positive Behavior Support
  • Training
  • Challenging behavior
  • Learning disability
  • Outcomes