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Accuracy and reliability of a subcutaneous continuous glucose monitoring device in critically ill patients

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Abstract

Subcutaneous continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) may have benefits in achieving glycemic control in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and reliability of the FreeStyle Navigator I in critically ill patients and to assess patient related factors influencing the accuracy and reliability. This study is a retrospective analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in a 20-bed mixed intensive care unit. Analytical accuracy, clinical accuracy and reliability were assessed against arterial blood glucose samples as reference. Assessment was according to recent consensus recommendations with median absolute relative difference (median ARD), Bland–Altman plots, the ISO system accuracy standards (ISO 15197:2013) and Clarke error grid analysis (CEG). We analyzed 2840 paired measurements from 155 critically ill patients. The median ARD of all paired values was 13.3 [6.9–22.1]%. The median ARD was significantly higher in both the hypoglycemic and the hyperglycemic range (32.4 [12.1–53.4]% and 18.7 [10.7–28.3]% respectively, p < 0.001). The Bland–Altman analysis showed a mean bias of − 0.82 mmol/L with a lower limit of agreement (LOA) of − 3.88 mmol/L and an upper LOA of 2.24 mmol/L. A total of 1626 (57.3%) values met the ISO-2013, standards and 1,334 (47%) CGM values were within 12.5% from the reference value. CEG: 71.0% zone A, 25.8% zone B, 0.5% zone C, 2.5% zone D, 0.3% zone E. The median overall real-time data display time was 94.0 ± 14.9% and in 23% of the patients, the sensor measured < 95% of the time. Additionally, data gaps longer than 30 min were found in 48% of the patients. The analytical accuracy of the FreeStyle Navigator I in critically ill patients was suboptimal. Furthermore, the clinical accuracy, did not meet the required standards. The reliability was satisfactory, however, in almost a quarter of the patients the realtime data display was < 95%. The accuracy was considerably and significantly lower in hyper- and hypoglycemic ranges.

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Correspondence to S. Rijkenberg.

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Conflict of interest

This retrospective analysis is funded by the authors’ own department. S.R, SCVS and PHJvdV declare that they have no disclosures. JHDV received speaker fees from Novo Nordisk and Senseonics, research support from Abbott, Dexcom, Medtronic, Novo Nordisk, Sanofi and Senseonics, and fees for serving on advisory boards from Merck Sharpe and Dohme, Novo Nordisk, Roche and Sanofi.

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Table 6 Factors influencing reliability

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Rijkenberg, S., van Steen, S.C., DeVries, J.H. et al. Accuracy and reliability of a subcutaneous continuous glucose monitoring device in critically ill patients. J Clin Monit Comput 32, 953–964 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10877-017-0086-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10877-017-0086-z

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