Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 703–713 | Cite as

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Natural Dyes of Cochineal

  • Brajesh Kumar
  • Kumari Smita
  • Yolanda Angulo
  • Luis Cumbal
Original Paper


Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus Costa) has been used all over the world since ancient times as a colorant. In this study, non-toxic cochineal dye was used for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The synthesized AgNPs show the presence of a surface plasmon band at 440–460 nm. Dynamic light scattering, and transmission electron microscopy indicated the formation of spherical AgNPs of diameter ranging from 20–50 nm. The X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the face centered cubic geometry of AgNPs. The synthesized AgNPs, also showed the photocatalytic degradation activity of methylene blue dye (>75 %) under direct solar light irradiation. The experimental approach is simple, cost-effective, easily reproducible at room temperature without any pollutant contribution and opens new compatibility for future pharmaceutical/biomedical applications.


Silver nanoparticles UV–vis TEM XRD Cochineal Ecofriendly Photocatalyst 



This scientific work has been funded by the Prometeo Project of the National Secretariat of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation (SENESCYT), Ecuador. We thank Dr. Colon Velasquez (Director, INIGEMM, Ecuador) for providing XRD instrumental assistance.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interests

The authors confirm they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brajesh Kumar
    • 1
  • Kumari Smita
    • 1
  • Yolanda Angulo
    • 1
  • Luis Cumbal
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Nanociencia y NanotecnologiaUniversidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPESangolquiEcuador

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