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Rapid Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Areca Nut (Areca catechu) Extract Under Microwave-Assistance

Abstract

In this research paper, we report on the rapid synthesis of silver nanoparticles using dried areca nut (Areca catechu). The microwave exposed aqueous areca nut powder when treated with the aqueous silver salt solution yielded irregular shaped silver nanoparticles. The formation and morphology of the nanoparticles are studied using UV–visible spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The X-ray diffraction studies and energy dispersive X-ray analysis indicate that the particles are crystalline in nature. The understanding of capping of biological moiety is derived from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and the thermogravimetric analysis. The green chemistry approach for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles is modest, amenable for large scale commercial production. Further the biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles are known for their potential antibacterial activity.

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Acknowledgments

Financial support from the DAE–BRNS (No. 2009/34/14/BRNS) and VGST (SMYSR D38/7), Bangalore is acknowledged.

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Correspondence to A. Venkataraman.

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Bhat, R., Ganachari, S., Deshpande, R. et al. Rapid Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Areca Nut (Areca catechu) Extract Under Microwave-Assistance. J Clust Sci 24, 107–114 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10876-012-0519-2

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Keywords

  • Areca nut
  • Silver nanoparticles
  • Green chemistry
  • Thermogravimetric analysis
  • Antibacterial activity