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Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases in Latin America: The Second Report of the LAGID Registry

This is the second report on the continuing efforts of LAGID to increase the recognition and registration of patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases in 12 Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. This report reveals that from a total of 3321 patients registered, the most common form of primary immunodeficiency disease was predominantly antibody deficiency (53.2%) with IgA deficiency reported as the most frequent phenotype. This category was followed by 22.6% other well-defined ID syndromes, 9.5% combined T- and B-cell inmunodeficiency, 8.6% phagocytic disorders, 3.3% diseases of immune dysregulation, and 2.8% complement deficiencies. All countries that participated in the first publication in 1998 reported an increase in registered primary immunodeficiency cases, ranging between 10 and 80%. A comparison of the estimated minimal incidence of X-linked agammaglobulinemia, chronic granulomatous disease, and severe combined immunodeficiency between the first report and the present one shows an increase in the reporting of these diseases in all countries. In this report, the estimated minimal incidence of chronic granulomatous disease was between 0.72 and 1.26 cases per 100,000 births in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, and Uruguay and the incidence of severe combined immunodeficiency was 1.28 and 3.79 per 100,000 births in Chile and Costa Rica, respectively. However, these diseases are underreported in other participating countries. In addition to a better diagnosis of primary immunodeficiency diseases, more work on improving the registration of patients by each participating country and by countries that have not yet joined LAGID is still needed.

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Correspondence to LILY E. LEIVA.

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Latin American Group for Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases



In addition to the authors, the following collaborators participated in this study. Argentina: Bozzola C, Garip E, Krasovec S, Miño O, Orellana J, Sierra de Criscuolo A, Gambarte L. Brazil: de Moraes Vasconcelos D, da Silva Duarte AJ. Colombia: Ortega MC. Honduras: Almendarez C. Peru: Vega H.

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LEIVA, L.E., ZELAZCO, M., OLEASTRO, M. et al. Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases in Latin America: The Second Report of the LAGID Registry. J Clin Immunol 27, 101–108 (2007).

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  • Primary immunodeficiency
  • Latin America
  • Immunodeficiency epidemiology