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Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 70, Issue 2, pp 115–129 | Cite as

Measurements of aerosol number concentrations and rainwater chemistry at Mt. Tateyama, near the coast of the Japan sea in central Japan: On the influence of high-elevation Asian dust particles in autumn

  • Koichi WatanabeEmail author
  • Hideharu Honoki
Article

Abstract

Measurements of size-separated aerosol number concentrations at Midagahara (altitude, 1,930 m), on the western slope of Mt. Tateyama near the coast of the Japan Sea, were performed each autumn from 2006 to 2011. High number concentrations of particles larger than 2 μm were frequently seen in 2006 and 2009 when the influence of Asian dust might have been significant. The pH and the ratio of Ca2+ to total ions were high in the rainwater bulk sampled when high number concentrations of coarse particles were observed. The mean pH of rainwater during the autumn in 2006 was significantly higher than that in 2007 and 2008. Acidic species might have been neutralized by the Asian dust particles. Dust particles may highly affect the natural environment, such as forest ecosystems, at high elevations during seasons without snow cover.

Keywords

Asian dust Aerosol number concentrations Autumn Rainwater Mt. Tateyama 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Profs. T. Kawakami and O. Nagafuchi as well as H. Iida, S. Iwama, S. Ishita, D. Mishimoto, H. Yamada and the members of the Toyama Prefectural University, the Ministry of the Environment, Toyama Prefecture, Midagahara Hotel, Tateyama Kurobe Kanko Inc., Toyama Forest Administration Office, Toyama Police Station, Toyama Prefecture Road Public Corporation and Murodo-sanso for their support of this study. This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (No. 18310022, No. 22310022 and No. 24501301), the To promote basic research by research personnel in private-sector business of the Japan Science and Technology Agency and the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (B-1008) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Toyama Prefectural UniversityImizuJapan
  2. 2.Toyama Science MuseumToyamaJapan

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