The Effects of Role Congruence and Role Conflict on Work, Marital, and Life Satisfaction

The impact of role congruence and role conflict on work, marital, and life satisfaction was studied using Super’s life-span, life-space theory. A conceptual model of relationships between these variables was proposed, and gender differences were examined. Participants were 35 male and 60 female college graduates who completed surveys by mail. Results indicated adequate fit for the proposed model. Results of gender analyses indicated that women in this study participated more in parenting and housework, whereas men participated more in career and leisure activities. Despite the differences in actual role participation, no gender differences were found regarding ideal role participation. Both men and women reported that the parent role was most rewarding. Implications for counselors and directions for future research were discussed.

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Correspondence to Kristin M. Perrone.

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Perrone, K.M., Webb, L.K. & Blalock, R.H. The Effects of Role Congruence and Role Conflict on Work, Marital, and Life Satisfaction. J Career Dev 31, 225–238 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10871-005-4737-9

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Key words

  • role congruence
  • work–family interface