Dyadic Viability in Project Teams: the Impact of Liking, Competence, and Task Interdependence

  • Jane Shumski ThomasEmail author
  • Andrew C. Loignon
  • David J. Woehr
  • Misty L. Loughry
  • Matthew W. Ohland
Original Paper


Drawing from social exchange theory and the relational approach to social exchange relationships, we examine liking and competence judgments as predictors of dyadic viability, a new, complementary, operationalization of team viability. We also consider team-level task interdependence as a moderator of these dyadic relationships. Based on data from dyads nested within project teams, we found that both liking and competence significantly relate to teammates’ dyadic viability. Additionally, task interdependence at the team level significantly moderates the dyadic-level effects of liking and competence on dyadic viability, such that the effect of liking judgments is stronger when team task interdependence is high, and the effect of competence judgments is stronger when team task interdependence is low. We also show that aggregated (across team members) measures of dyadic viability are highly similar to proxies that have been classified as team viability in the past—team satisfaction and cohesion. However, the moderating effect of task interdependence was not found with these team-level measures.


Liking Competence Viability Dyads Task interdependence Teams Social relations model 



This material is based upon the work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Nos. 0243254, 0817403, and 1431694.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

10869_2019_9647_MOESM1_ESM.docx (37 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 37.3 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane Shumski Thomas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrew C. Loignon
    • 2
  • David J. Woehr
    • 3
  • Misty L. Loughry
    • 4
  • Matthew W. Ohland
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Managerial StudiesPurdue University NorthwestHammondUSA
  2. 2.Rucks Department of ManagementLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  3. 3.Department of ManagementUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA
  4. 4.Crummer Graduate School of BusinessRollins CollegeWinter ParkUSA
  5. 5.School of Engineering EducationPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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