Cross-Lagged Relations Between Work–Family Enrichment, Vigor at Work, and Core Self-evaluations: A Three-Wave Study
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The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate the cross-lagged relations between core self-evaluations, vigor at work, and work–family enrichment over 3 years.
Data were obtained from a follow-up study of a sample of Finnish university employees (N = 700).
The results of structural equation modeling showed that vigor at time 1 positively predicted work–family enrichment at time 2, and that work–family enrichment at time 2 positively predicted vigor at time 3. In addition, core self-evaluations at time 2 positively predicted vigor at time 3. No cross-lagged associations were found between core self-evaluations and work–family enrichment.
This study showed that there is a bi-directional positive link between vigor at work and work–family enrichment. The findings suggest that organizations will benefit from developing interventions which facilitate resource generation between the workplace and family.
Only a handful of studies has previously examined the longitudinal relations between core self-evaluations, vigor at work, and work–family enrichment, and this is the first that has been based on more than two data collection waves. Moreover, most of the research on the positive aspects of work–family interaction has so far only been conducted in the United States, with very little data collected from elsewhere in the world.
KeywordsWork–family enrichment Vigor at work Core self-evaluations Longitudinal study
The present study was supported by the Academy of Finland (Grant number 138369) and a Grant from Finnish Cultural foundation to the first author.
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