This study investigated the relationship between work-to-family enrichment (WFE) and family-to-work enrichment (FWE) with work-related, non work-related, and health-related consequences using meta-analysis.
We conducted a meta-analytic review of 21 studies (54 correlations) for WFE and 25 studies (57 correlations) for FWE.
We found that both WFE and FWE were positively related to job satisfaction, affective commitment, and family satisfaction but not turnover intentions. WFE was more strongly related to work-related variables, whereas FWE was more strongly related to non work-related variables. We also found that both WFE and FWE were positively related to physical and mental health. Additionally, relationships appear to depend on moderating variables including the proportion of women in the sample as well as the construct label (e.g., enrichment, facilitation, positive spillover).
Our work indicates that organizations need to consider ways to not only reduce conflict, but also increase enrichment, which will drive many important outcome variables.
This is the first meta-analysis on the positive side of the work–family interface.
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References marked with an asterisk (*) indicate studies included in the meta-analysis.
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We thank Vipanchi Mishra and Andrew D’Agostino for their assistance with coding and Sylvia Roch for her helpful comments.
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McNall, L.A., Nicklin, J.M. & Masuda, A.D. A Meta-Analytic Review of the Consequences Associated with Work–Family Enrichment. J Bus Psychol 25, 381–396 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-009-9141-1
- Work–family balance
- Work–family enrichment
- Work–family facilitation
- Positive spillover
- Work–family enhancement