Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park: Sage.
Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In Action control (pp. 11–39). Berlin: Springer.
American Cancer Society. (2017). Cancer facts & figures 2017. GA: Atlanta.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans 2016–2018 (2016). Available at: http://www.cancer.org/research/cancerfactsstatistics/cancer-facts-figures-for-african-americans 2016.
Banks, S. M., Salovey, P., Greener, S., Rothman, A. J., Moyer, A., Beauvais, J., et al. (1995). The effects of message-framing on mammography utilization. Health Psychology, 14, 178–184.
Blanton, H., Stuart, A. E., & Van den Eijnden, R. J. (2001). An introduction to deviance-regulation theory: The effect of behavioral norms on message framing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 848–858.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). National Center for Chronic disease prevention and health promotion behavioral risk factor surveillance system: Florida 2004 colorectal cancer screening. Retrieved May 15, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/brfss,\
Cialdini, R. B., Reno, R. R., & Kallgren, C. A. (1990). A focus theory of normative conduct: Recycling the concept of norms to reduce littering in public places. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 1015–1026.
Cross, W. E. (1971). Negro-to-Black conversion experience. Black World, 20, 13–27.
Davis, R. E., Alexander, G., Calvi, J., Wiese, C., Greene, S., Nowak, M., et al. (2010). A new audience segmentation tool for African Americans: The Black identity classification scale. Journal of Health Communication, 15, 532–554.
Ferrer, R. A., Klein, W. M. P., Zajac, L. E., Land, S. R., & Ling, B. S. (2012). An affective booster moderates the effect of gain and loss-framed messages on behavioral intentions for colorectal cancer screening. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 35, 452–461.
Fielding, K. S., McDonald, R., & Louis, W. R. (2008). Theory of planned behaviour, identity, and intentions to engage in environmental activism. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28, 318–326.
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (2010). Predicting and changing behavior: The reasoned action approach. New York: Psychology Press.
Gallagher, K. M., & Updegraff, J. A. (2012). Health message-framing effects on attitudes, intentions, and behavior: A meta-analytic review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 43, 101–116.
Harvey, R. D., & Afful, S. E. (2011). Racial typicality, racial identity, and health behaviors: A case for culturally sensitive health interventions. Journal of Black Psychology, 37, 164–184.
Kahneman, D. (2003). A perspective on judgment and choice: Mapping bounded rationality. American Psychologist, 58, 697–720.
Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decisions under risk. Econometrica, 47, 313–327.
Kreuter, M. W., Farrell, D. W., Olevitch, L. R., & Brennan, L. K. (2013). Tailoring health messages: Customizing communication with computer technology. Abingdon: Routledge.
Kreuter, M. W., & Haughton, L. T. (2006). Integrating culture into health information for African–American women. American Behavioral Scientist, 49, 794–811.
Kreuter, M. W., Lukwago, S. N., Bucholtz, D. C., Clark, E. M., & Sanders-Thompson, V. (2003). Achieving cultural appropriateness in health promotion programs: Targeted and tailored approaches. Health Education and Behavior, 30, 133–146.
Kreuter, M. W., Skinner, C. S., Steger-May, K., Holt, C. L., Bucholtz, D. C., Clark, E. M., et al. (2004). Responses to behaviorally versus culturally tailored cancer communication among African–American women. American Journal of Health Behavior, 28, 195–207.
Lauver, D., & Rubin, M. (1990). Message-framing, dispositional optimism, and follow-up for abnormal Papanicolaou tests. Research in Nursing & Health, 13, 199–207.
Levin, B., Lieberman, D. A., McFarland, B., Smith, R. A., Brooks, D., Andrews, K. S., et al. (2008). Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps—A joint guideline. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 58, 130–160.
Lucas, T., Hayman, L. W., Blessman, J. E., Asabigi, K., & Novak, J. M. (2016). Gain versus loss-framed messaging and colorectal cancer screening among African Americans: A preliminary examination of perceived racism and culturally targeted dual messaging. British Journal of Health Psychology, 21, 249–267.
Manning, M. (2009). The effects of subjective norms on behaviour in the theory of planned behaviour: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Social Psychology, 48, 649–705.
Neighbors, H. W., Braithwaite, R. L., & Thompson, E. (1994). Health promotion and African–Americans. American Journal of Health Promotion, 9, 281–287.
Neighbors, H. W., Hudson, D. L., & Bullard, K. M. (2012). The challenge of understanding the mental health of African–Americans: The risks and rewards of segregation, support, and John Henryism. In E. C. Chang & C. A. Downey (Eds.), Handbook of race and development in mental health. New York, NY: Springer.
Nicholson, R. A., Kreuter, M. W., Lapka, C., Wellborn, R., Clark, E. M., Sanders-Thompson, V., et al. (2008). Unintended effects of emphasizing disparities in cancer communication to African–Americans. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 17, 2946–2953.
O’Keefe, D. J., & Jensen, J. D. (2009). The relative persuasiveness of gain framed and loss-framed messages for encouraging disease detection behaviors. Journal of Communication, 59, 296–316.
Phinney, J. S. (1989). Stages of ethnic identity development in minority group adolescents. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 9, 34–49.
Phinney, J. S. (1992). The multigroup ethnic identity measure: A new scale for use with diverse groups. Journal of Adolescent Research, 7, 156–176.
Resnicow, K., Davis, R., Zhang, N., Strecher, V., Tolsma, D., Calvi, J., et al. (2009). Tailoring a fruit and vegetable intervention on ethnic identity: Results of a randomized study. Health Psychology, 28, 394.
Rimer, B. K., & Kreuter, M. W. (2006). Advancing tailored health communication: A persuasion and message effects perspective. Journal of Communication, 56, s184–s201.
Romero, A. J., & Roberts, R. E. (1998). Perceptions of discrimination and ethnocultural variables in a diverse group of adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 21, 641–656.
Rothman, A. J., & Salovey, P. (1997). Shaping perceptions to motivate healthy behavior: The role of message-framing. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 3–19.
Rothman, A. J., & Updegraff, J. A. (2011). Specifying when and how gain- and loss-framed messages motivate healthy behavior: An integrated approach. In G. Keren (Ed.), Perspectives on Framing (pp. 257–277). London: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
Schneider, T. R. (2006). Getting the biggest bang for your health education buck: Message-framing and reducing health disparities. American Behavioral Scientist, 49, 812–822.
Schneider, T. R., Salovey, P., Apanovitch, A. M., Pizarro, J., McCarthy, D., Zullo, J., et al. (2001). The effects of message-framing and ethnic targeting on mammography use among low-income women. Health Psychology, 20, 256–266.
Sellers, R. M., Copeland-Linder, N., Martin, P. P., & Lewis, R. L. (2006). Racial identity matters: The relationship between racial discrimination and psychological functioning in African–American adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16, 187–216.
Sellers, R. M., Rowley, S., Chavous, T. M., Shelton, J. N., & Smith, M. A. (1997). The multidimensional inventory of Black identity: Construct validity and reliability. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 805–815.
Sellers, R. M., & Shelton, J. N. (2003). The role of racial identity in perceived racial discrimination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 1079–1092.
Sherman, D. K., Uskul, A. K., & Updegraff, J. A. (2011). The role of the self in responses to health communications: A cultural perspective. Self and Identity, 10, 284–294.
Smith, T. B., & Silva, L. (2011). Racial identity and personal well-being of people of color: A meta analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58, 42–60.
Uskul, A. K., & Oyserman, D. (2010). When message-frame fits salient cultural-frame, messages feel more persuasive. Psychology and Health, 25, 321–337.
Uskul, A. K., Sherman, D., & Fitzgibbon, J. (2009). The cultural congruency effect: Culture, regulatory focus, and the effectiveness of gain- versus loss-framed health messages. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 535–541.
Van’t Riet, J., Cox, A. D., Cox, D., Zimet, G. D., De Bruijn, G. J., Van den Putte, B., et al. (2016). Does perceived risk influence the effects of message framing? Revisiting the link between prospect theory and message framing. Health Psychology Review, 10, 447–459.