Journal of Behavioral Education

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 358–374 | Cite as

Comparing the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Response Repetition to Simultaneous Prompting on Acquisition and Maintenance of Multiplication Facts

  • Daniel D. Drevon
  • Jennifer L. Reynolds
Original Paper


This study compared the effectiveness and efficiency of an error-correction procedure, response repetition, to a prompting procedure, simultaneous prompting, on the acquisition and maintenance of multiplication facts for three typically developing 3rd grade students. This study employed an adapted alternating treatments design nested in a multiple probe design across three sets of multiplication facts. Results indicated that correct responding increased upon intervention implementation for all participants. For two participants, response repetition was a more effective teaching procedure. For one participant, while both teaching procedures were effective, response repetition was more efficient in terms of sessions to mastery while simultaneous prompting was more efficient in terms of errors and seconds to mastery. Maintenance data were variable. Discussion focuses on conceptual differences between response repetition and simultaneous prompting that might have accounted for results.


Acquisition Error-correction Errorless learning Intervention Multiplication 



The authors would like to acknowledge the assistance of Denise Cai, Nicole Dailey, and Brienne Riebe with intervention implementation and data collection.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animals Rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from parents of all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCentral Michigan UniversityMount PleasantUSA
  2. 2.School of Intervention and WellnessUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA

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