Journal of Behavioral Education

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 310–323 | Cite as

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Teaching Package Utilizing Behavioral Skills Training and In Situ Training to Teach Gun Safety Skills in a Preschool Classroom

  • Laura A. Hanratty
  • Raymond G. MiltenbergerEmail author
  • Samantha R. Florentino
Original Paper


There are a number of different safety threats that children face in their lives. One infrequent, but highly dangerous situation a child can face is finding a firearm. Hundreds of children are injured or killed by firearms each year. Fortunately, behavioral skills training (BST) and in situ training (IST) are effective approaches for teaching a number of different skills, including safety skills. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a teaching package for preschool teachers to learn to conduct BST to teach safety skills. Following teacher-implemented BST, the experimenter completed in situ training and supplemental instructions. A multiple baseline across subjects design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of this teaching package implemented by the teacher and experimenter with five preschoolers. Five children demonstrated the skills following IST and additional reinforcement or time out. The use of additional reinforcement, as well as treatment fidelity are discussed.


Behavioral skills training Gun safety skills Class-wide approaches 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura A. Hanratty
    • 1
  • Raymond G. Miltenberger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samantha R. Florentino
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Child and Family StudiesUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA

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