Student-Level Effects of Increased Teacher-Directed Opportunities to Respond
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Antecedent-based classroom management strategies, including teacher-directed opportunities to respond (TD-OTR), have been identified and studied in the literature, but the link between those practices and student outcomes is still developing. This study describes a within-subject interrupted time-series analysis of the relationship between increased TD-OTRs and student-level behavior and academic outcomes. Results indicate a statistically significant positive relationship between increased TD-OTRs and student academic engagement and disruptive behavior, but not academic achievement based a standardized progress monitoring measure. Limitations and future directions are noted.
KeywordsOpportunities to respond Professional development Classroom management
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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