This study evaluated the influence of language of implementation on functional analysis outcomes for a child with a severe intellectual disability from a Spanish-speaking home. Challenging behavior was assessed during 5-min sessions under 4 conditions; attention, play-verbal, play-nonverbal, and demand and across 2 phases; implementation in English versus Spanish. The highest levels of challenging behavior occurred during the attention and demand conditions of the English phases. These results suggest that the language of implementation may influence the overall levels of challenging behavior within functional analysis conditions.
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Rispoli, M., O’Reilly, M., Lang, R. et al. Effects of Language of Implementation on Functional Analysis Outcomes. J Behav Educ 20, 224–232 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10864-011-9128-7
- Functional analysis
- Challenging behavior