Journal of Behavioral Education

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 224–232 | Cite as

Effects of Language of Implementation on Functional Analysis Outcomes

  • Mandy RispoliEmail author
  • Mark O’Reilly
  • Russell Lang
  • Jeff Sigafoos
  • Austin Mulloy
  • Jeannie Aguilar
  • George Singer
Original Paper


This study evaluated the influence of language of implementation on functional analysis outcomes for a child with a severe intellectual disability from a Spanish-speaking home. Challenging behavior was assessed during 5-min sessions under 4 conditions; attention, play-verbal, play-nonverbal, and demand and across 2 phases; implementation in English versus Spanish. The highest levels of challenging behavior occurred during the attention and demand conditions of the English phases. These results suggest that the language of implementation may influence the overall levels of challenging behavior within functional analysis conditions.


Functional analysis Language Challenging behavior Diversity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mandy Rispoli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mark O’Reilly
    • 2
  • Russell Lang
    • 3
  • Jeff Sigafoos
    • 4
  • Austin Mulloy
    • 2
  • Jeannie Aguilar
    • 2
  • George Singer
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Educational Psychology4225 Texas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Meadows Center for Preventing Educational RiskThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.Texas State University-San Marcos, Clinic for Autism Research Evaluation and SupportSan MarcosUSA
  4. 4.Victoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  5. 5.The University of California Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA

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