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Association of Fear of Negative Evaluation with Performance Anxiety: Mediation by Negative Self-Statements and Moderation by Positive Self-Statements During Performance in Adults

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Abstract

Using individual differences constructs, the current study used cross-sectional data to examine the mediating role of negative self-statements during public speaking on the relationship between fear of negative evaluation and public speaking anxiety (a type of performance anxiety), and how this relationship was moderated by positive self-statements during public performance. The sample comprised 319 adults (men = 105, women = 214) from the general Australian community, with ages ranging from 18 years to 65 years. All participants completed questionnaires covering the different study variables. The findings showed that there was partial mediation by negative self-statements on the relationship between fear of negative evaluation and performance anxiety. There were also moderation effects by positive self-statements for this relationship. Additionally, moderation by positive self-statements was evident at all levels of positive self-statements. The theoretical and clinical implications of the findings for public speaking anxiety are discussed.

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Funding

The authors declare that no funding was received and no constraints on publishing nor conflicts of interest exist that readers should know about concerning this manuscript. The authors declare that there is no pre-registration regarding this study. This manuscript includes original work not previously published or presented and not under review elsewhere. The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

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RG: contributed to the literature review, framework formulation, and the structure and sequence of theoretical arguments.

Contact: rapson.gomez@federation.edu.au.

SW: contributed to the literature review, framework formulation, and the structure and sequence of theoretical arguments.

Contact: shaun.watson@federation.edu.au.

TB: contributed to the literature review, framework formulation, and the structure and sequence of theoretical arguments.

Contact: taylorbrown33331@gmail.com.

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Correspondence to Taylor Brown.

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Conflict of Interest

The authors of the present study do not report any conflict of interest.

Ethical Standards – Animal Rights

All procedures performed in the study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Gomez, R., Watson, S. & Brown, T. Association of Fear of Negative Evaluation with Performance Anxiety: Mediation by Negative Self-Statements and Moderation by Positive Self-Statements During Performance in Adults. J Psychopathol Behav Assess 45, 650–658 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-023-10061-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-023-10061-9

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