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Schizotypy and Risk-Taking Behaviour: the Contribution of Urgency

Abstract

The Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE) defines schizotypy as a multidimensional psychopathology construct comprising Unusual Experiences, Cognitive Disorganisation, Impulsive Nonconformity, and Introvertive Anhedonia. Previous research indicates that schizotypy is associated with various risky behaviours. Urgency (emotional impulsivity) has a unique and clinically important effect on risk-taking. However, the interplay between schizotypy and urgency in relation to risk-taking has not received adequate consideration. A sample of 204 participants completed self-report scales measuring Schizotypy, Urgency and Risk-taking behaviour. Using structural equation modelling, a mediational model tested the degree to which O-LIFE subfactors directly and indirectly (via urgency) predicted self-reported likelihood to engage in Risk-taking behaviour. Results indicated that Cognitive Disorganisation and Introvertive Anhedonia negatively predicted engagement in Risk-taking behaviour, whereas Impulsive Nonconformity positively predicted engagement in Risk-taking behaviour. Unusual Experiences, Cognitive Disorganisation and Impulsive Nonconformity had indirect effects on Risk-taking through Urgency. Inclusion of Urgency added explanatory power to the schizotypy-risk relationship.

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Correspondence to Andrew Denovan.

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Andrew Denovan, Neil Dagnall and Lucy Monk declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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The Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care Ethics Committee at Manchester Metropolitan University. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Individual participants provided informed consent.

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The data is accessible through figshare: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.6396923

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Denovan, A., Dagnall, N. & Monk, L. Schizotypy and Risk-Taking Behaviour: the Contribution of Urgency. J Psychopathol Behav Assess 42, 1–12 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-019-09769-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-019-09769-4

Keywords

  • Urgency
  • Risk-taking
  • Schizotypy
  • O-LIFE