Construct Validity of the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART): Relationship with MDMA Use by Inner-City Drug Users in Residential Treatment

  • Derek R. HopkoEmail author
  • C. W. Lejuez
  • Stacey B. Daughters
  • Will M. Aklin
  • Amanda Osborne
  • Burnetta L. Simmons
  • David R. Strong


In a program of research assessing the validity of the balloon analogue risk task (BART; C. W. Lejuez et al., 2002) as a measure of risk taking, the BART was administered to a sample of inner-city drug users in residential treatment (n = 76). Construct validity of the BART was evaluated by measuring risk-taking behavior and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) use while controlling for self-reported impulsivity, sensation seeking, polysubstance use, and demographic variables. Supporting the construct validity of the BART, while controlling for interrelated variables in the context of logistic regression analyses, (BART) risk-taking propensity accounted for significant incremental variance in differentiating MDMA users from non-users. BART scores, polysubstance use, and younger age were most associated with MDMA use, and together these variables were associated with 91% classification accuracy in predicting MDMA use.

Key Words

MDMA polysubstance use risk taking BART self-report and behavioral assessment measures 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek R. Hopko
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. W. Lejuez
    • 2
  • Stacey B. Daughters
    • 2
  • Will M. Aklin
    • 2
  • Amanda Osborne
    • 2
  • Burnetta L. Simmons
    • 2
  • David R. Strong
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxville
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MarylandCollege Park
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryBrown Medical School and Butler HospitalProvidence

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