Skip to main content

Factor Structure and Discriminative Validity of the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory With Young Children

Abstract

This study examined the factor structure and discriminative validity of the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) with community-based and clinic-referred samples of young children (2–6 years). In the community sample, confirmatory factor analysis indicated a three-factor structure with components reflecting Inattentive, Oppositional Defiant, and Conduct Problem Behavior. In the clinic sample, component scores differentiated children with specific behavior problems from children without significant externalizing symptoms. However, component scores did not differentiate within the externalizing spectrum. The data suggest that ECBI components may be useful to screen community-based and clinic-referred young children for externalizing symptoms, but may be less useful to identify children with specific behavior problems.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Barkley, R. A. (1997). Defiant children. New York: Guilford.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ben-Porath, Y. S., Waller, N. G., & Butcher, J. N. (1991). Assessment of coping: An empirical illustration of the problem of inapplicable items. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 162–176.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Boggs, S. R., Eyberg, S., & Reynolds, L. A. (1990). Concurrent validity of the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19, 75–78.

    Google Scholar 

  • Burns, G. L., & Patterson, D. R. (1991). Factor structure of the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory: Unidimensional or multidimensional measure of disruptive behavior? Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 20, 439–444.

    Google Scholar 

  • Burns, G. L., & Patterson, D. R. (2000). Factor structure of the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory: A parent rating scale of oppositional defiant behavior toward adults, inattentive behavior, and conduct problem behavior. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 569–577.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Campbell, S. B. (2002). Behavior problems in preschool children: Clinical and developmental issues. New York: Guilford.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cole, D. A., Truglio, R., & Peeke, L. (1997). Relation between symptoms of anxiety and depression in children: A multitrait-multimethod-multigroup assessment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 110–119.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Dishion, T. J., French, D. C., & Patterson, G. R. (1995). The development and ecology of antisocial behavior. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 2. Risk, disorder, and adaptation (pp. 421–471). New York: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • DuPaul, G. J., Anastopoulos, A. D., Power, T. J., Reid, R., Ikeda, M. J., & McGoey, K. E. (1998). Parent ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms: Factor structure and normative data. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 20, 83–102.

    Google Scholar 

  • DuPaul, G. J., Power, T. J., Anastopoulos, A. D., Reid, R., McGoey, K. E., & Ikeda, M. J. (1997). Teacher ratings of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms: Factor structure and normative data. Psychological Assessment, 9, 436–444.

    Google Scholar 

  • Eyberg, S. M., & Robinson, E. A. (1982). Parent-child interaction training: Effects on family functioning. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 11, 130–137.

    Google Scholar 

  • Eyberg, S. M., & Ross, A. W. (1978). Assessment of child behavior problems: The validation of a new inventory. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 7, 113–116.

    Google Scholar 

  • Funderburk, B. W., Eyberg, S. M., Rich, B. A., & Behar, L. (2003). Further psychometric evaluation of the Eyberg and Behar rating scales for parents and teachers of preschoolers. Early Education and Development, 14, 67–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Haynes, S. N., Nelson, K., & Blaine, D. D. (1999). Psychometric issues in assessment research. In P. C. Kendall, J. N. Butcher, & G. N. Holmbeck (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology (2nd ed., pp. 125–154). New York: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Haynes, S. N., & O’Brien, W. (2000). Principles of behavioral assessment: A functional approach to psychological assessment. New York: Plenum/Kluwer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hays, C. (1999). Impulsivity and its relationship to aggression, social cognition, and peer status. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Northern Illinois University.

  • Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1995). Evaluating model fit. In R.H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling (pp. 76–99). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Joreskog, K. G. (1993). Testing structural equation models. In K. A. Bollen & J. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 294–316). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kamphaus, R. W., & Frick, P. J. (2002). Clinical assessment of child and adolescent personality and behavior. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

    Google Scholar 

  • Loeber, R., & Keenan, K. (1994). Interaction between conduct disorder and its comorbid conditions: Effects of age and gender. Clinical Psychology Review, 14, 497–523.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lumley, V. A., McNeil, C. B., Herschell, A. D., & Bahl, A. B. (2002). An examination of gender differences among young children with disruptive behavior disorders. Child Study Journal, 32, 89–100.

    Google Scholar 

  • Masten, A. S., & Coatsworth, J. D. (1998). The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments. American Psychologist, 53(2), 205–220.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • McMahon, R. J., & Estes, A. M. (1997). Conduct problems. In E. J. Mash & L. G. Terdal (Eds.), Assessment of childhood disorders (pp. 130–193). New York: Guilford.

    Google Scholar 

  • Robinson, E. A., Eyberg, S. M., & Ross, A. (1980). The standardization of an inventory of child conduct problem behaviors. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 9, 22–29.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stormshak, E. A., Bierman, K. L., McMahon, R. J., & Lenguna, L. J. (2000). Parenting practices and child disruptive behavior problems in early elementary school. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 17–29.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using multivariate statistics. New York: HarperCollins.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ullman, J. B. (1996). Structural equation modeling. In B. G. Tabachnick & L. S. Fidell (Eds.), Using multivariate statistics (pp. 709–811). New York: HarperCollins.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wahler, R. G. (1997). On the origins of children’s compliance and opposition: Family context, reinforcement, and rules. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 6, 191–208.

    Google Scholar 

  • Waller, N. G. (1989). The effect of inapplicable item responses on the structure of behavioral checklist data. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 24, 125–134.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wasserman, J. D., & Bracken, B. A. (2003). Psychometric characteristics of assessment procedures. In J. R. Graham & J. A. Naglieri (Eds.), Handbook of psychology: Vol. 10. Assessment psychology (pp. 43–66). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Webster-Stratton, C. (1998). Preventing conduct problems in head start children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 715–730.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Werner, H. (1948). Comparative psychology of mental development. New York: International Universities Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • White, J. L., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Bartusch, D. J., Needles, D., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1994). Measuring impulsivity and examining its relationship to delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 1922–1925.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Weis, R., Lovejoy, M.C. & Lundahl, B.W. Factor Structure and Discriminative Validity of the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory With Young Children. J Psychopathol Behav Assess 27, 269–278 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-005-2407-7

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-005-2407-7

Key Words

  • child assessment
  • ECBI
  • factor structure
  • discriminative validity