Human platelet rich plasma plus Persian Gulf coral effects on experimental bone healing in rabbit model: radiological, histological, macroscopical and biomechanical evaluation

  • A. Meimandi Parizi
  • A. Oryan
  • Z. Shafiei-Sarvestani
  • A. S. Bigham


Coral is an osteoconductive material used as a bone graft extender and human platelet rich plasma has been used as a source of osteoinductive factor. A combination of human platelet rich plasma and coral is expected to create a composite with both osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties. This study examined the effect of a combination of human platelet rich plasma and coral on osteogenesis in vivo using rabbit model of bone healing. A critical size defect of 10 mm elongation was created in the radial diaphysis of 36 rabbit and either supplied with coral-human PRP, or coral alone or left empty (control group). The platelets in the PRP were about 10.1 fold compared to normal blood. Radiographs of each forelimb was taken postoperatively on 1st day and then at the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th weeks post injury to evaluate bone formation, union and remodeling of the defect. The operated radiuses were removed on 56th postoperative day and were grossly and histopathologically evaluated. In addition, biomechanical test was conducted on the operated and normal forearms of the rabbits. This study demonstrated that coral-human PRP (hPRP), could promote bone regeneration in critical size defects with a high regenerative capacity. The results of the present study demonstrated that coral-hPRP could be an attractive alternative for reconstruction of the major diaphyseal defects of the long bones in animal models.


Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Bone Formation Bone Defect Autogenous Bone Bone Graft Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Meimandi Parizi
    • 1
  • A. Oryan
    • 2
  • Z. Shafiei-Sarvestani
    • 3
  • A. S. Bigham
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, School of Veterinary MedicineShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, School of Veterinary MedicineShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  3. 3.Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, School of Veterinary MedicineShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  4. 4.Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, School of Veterinary MedicineShahrekord UniversityShahrekordIran

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