Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 12, pp 2331–2338 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of calcium phosphate biomaterials

  • A. R. Calafiori
  • G. Di Marco
  • G. MartinoEmail author
  • M. Marotta


Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) samples have been prepared with a mixture of monocalciumphosphate monohydrate (MCPM) and calcium carbonate (CC) powders, in stechiometric moles ratio 1:2.5 to obtain a Ca/P ratio of about 1.67 typical of hydroxyapatite (HAp), with or without addition of HAp. All specimens are incubated at 30 °C in a steam saturated air environment for 3, 6 and 15 days respectively, afterwards dried and stored under nitrogen. The calcium phosphate samples have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Vickers hardness test (HV), diametral compression (d.c.), strength compression, and porosity evaluation. MCPM/CC mixture has a 30% HAp final concentration and is characterized by higher porosity (amount 78%) and mechanical properties useful as filler in bone segments without high mechanical stress.


Calcium Phosphate Compression Strength Calcium Phosphate Cement DCPD Maturation Time 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. R. Calafiori
    • 1
  • G. Di Marco
    • 1
  • G. Martino
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Marotta
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Cell BiologyUniversity of CalabriaRendeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Experimental and Clinical MedicinePolyclinic Federico II University of NaplesNaplesItaly

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