Ion leaching of a glass-ionomer glass: an empirical model and effects on setting characteristics and strength

  • Leon H Prentice
  • Martin J TyasEmail author
  • Michael F Burrow


The release of ions from a glass-ionomer glass, which in the polyacid matrix effects the cross-linking and setting of a cement, can be modelled and initiated by acid-treatment in a dilute acid. This study examined the effect of time of acetic acid leaching on the working time, setting time, and strength of a model GIC. A reactive fluoride glass was immersed in hot acetic acid for 0 (control), 5, 15, 35, 65, 95 and 125 min, filtered and dried. The glass was mixed with an experimental GI liquid in a capsule system and the mixed pastes assessed for working and initial setting time. Compressive strength testing was undertaken according to ISO9917:2003. Immersion time had a significant effect on both working and setting time of the resultant pastes only up to 65 min of immersion, and corresponded with a thin-film ion diffusion model. Compressive strength did not vary significantly with immersion time. The glass-ionomer setting reaction can be conveniently retarded by immersion of the powder in acetic acid, without affecting strength. A reactivity model was developed, whereby the effects of various changes to the leaching process may be usefully examined.


Compressive Strength Immersion Time Compressive Strength Testing Initial Setting Time Capsule System 
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© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leon H Prentice
    • 1
  • Martin J Tyas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael F Burrow
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Dental ScienceUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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