Progress in Raman spectroscopy in the fields of tissue engineering, diagnostics and toxicological testing
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This review summarises progress in Raman spectroscopy and its application in diagnostics, toxicological testing and tissue engineering. Applications of Raman spectroscopy in cell biology are in the early stages of development, however, recent publications have demonstrated its utilisation as a diagnostic and development tool with the key advantage that investigations of living cells can be performed non-invasively.
Some of the research highlighted here demonstrates the ability of Raman spectroscopy to accurately characterise cancer cells and distinguish between similar cell types. Many groups have used Raman spectroscopy to study tissues, but recently increased effort has gone into single cell analysis of cell lines; the advantages being that cell lines offer ease of handling and increased reproducibility over tissue studies and primary cells. The main goals of bio-Raman spectroscopy at this stage are twofold. Firstly, the aim is to further develop the diagnostic ability of Raman spectroscopy so it can be implemented in a clinical environment, producing accurate and rapid diagnoses. Secondly, the aim is to optimise the technique as a research tool for the non-invasive real time investigation of cell/material interactions in the fields of tissue engineering and toxicology testing.
KeywordsTissue Engineering Raman Spectroscopy Linear Discriminant Analysis MG63 Cell Principal Component Analysis Analysis
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