Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 803–806 | Cite as

Elastic anisotropy of bone and dentitional tissues

  • J. Lawrence KatzEmail author
  • John H. Kinney
  • Paulette Spencer
  • Yong Wang
  • Brian Fricke
  • Mary P. Walker
  • Elizabeth A. Friis


The calculation of the scalar compressive and shear anisotropy factors developed for single crystal refractory compounds has been adapted to the anisotropic elastic stiffness coefficients determined by a number of ultrasonic measurements of bone based on transverse isotropic symmetry. Later, this work was extended to include the ultrasonic measurements of bone based on orthotropic symmetry. Recently, the five transverse isotropic elastic constants for both wet and dry human dentin were determined using resonant ultrasound spectroscopy. The five transverse isotropic elastic constants for wet bovine enamel and dentin had been calculated based on modeling of ultrasonic wave propagation measurements and related data in the literature. The scalar compressive and shear anisotropy factors have been calculated from both these sets of data and are compared with a representative set from those published previously for both human and bovine bone and both fluoro- and hydroxyl-apatites.


Fluoro Elastic Stiffness Elastic Anisotropy Stiffness Coefficient Ultrasonic Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Lawrence Katz
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • John H. Kinney
    • 1
  • Paulette Spencer
    • 1
  • Yong Wang
    • 1
  • Brian Fricke
    • 2
  • Mary P. Walker
    • 1
  • Elizabeth A. Friis
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Oral Biology, School of DentistryUniversity of Missouri-Kansas City-Center for Research on Interfacial Structure and Properties (UMKC-CRISP)Kansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Division of Civil & Mechanical Engineering, School of Computing & EngineeringUniversity of Missouri-Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA

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