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Investigations on structure, dielectric and multiferroic behavior of (1 − x)BaFe12O19–(x)BaTiO3 composites

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Abstract

Multiferroic ceramics with composition (1 − x) BaFe12O19–(x)BaTiO3; (x = 0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8 and 1) were fabricated through solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the synthesis of composite samples with the coexistence of ferroelectric and ferromagnetic phases. Rietveld refinement patterns revealed the presence of cubic phase besides tetragonal phase in pure ferroelectric (BaTiO3). Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) used to have morphological studies and compositional analysis. Average grain size decreased and dielectric constant increased upon adding ferroelectric phase in hexaferrite. Both tangent loss (tanδ) and dielectric constant exhibited dispersion at high temperature and low frequency. PE loop confirmed the introduction of ferroelectric properties in hexaferrite upon adding BaTiO3. MH loop confirmed magnetic behavior with high coercivity in composites at room temperature. The composite with x = 0.2 has a maximum magnetoelectric coupling coefficient at Hac = 45 Oe. The developed composites confirmed to possess multiferroic behavior and can be utilized as fabricating materials for magnetic recording and memory storage devices.

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Data availability

The authors state that the data supporting the results of this work are available within this research article. Further, the raw data collected during the present work are available with the corresponding author and maybe obtained, if required, with a reasonable request.

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Acknowledgements

Neelam Hooda and Reena Sharma are grateful to DCRUST, Murthal for granting financial assistance under TEQIP and URS respectively. The authors would like to express their gratitude to SAIF (IIT Madras) for providing the VSM Facility. The authors are also thankful to the Department of Science and Technology (DST) Delhi for experimental support under FIST Research Grant (SR/FST/PS-1/2018/32).

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NH and RS: Conceptualization, methodology, investigation and formal analysis. NH: Writing—original draft, data curation, software and handling of manuscript. AH and SK: Supervision and writing—review and editing. The final manuscript has been read and approved by all authors.

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Correspondence to Ashima Hooda.

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Hooda, N., Sharma, R., Hooda, A. et al. Investigations on structure, dielectric and multiferroic behavior of (1 − x)BaFe12O19–(x)BaTiO3 composites. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 33, 16441–16465 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-022-08537-7

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