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LiNbO3-coated Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 as a cathode material with enhanced electrochemical performances for lithium-ion batteries

Abstract

Lithium-rich manganese-based cathode materials have become one of the most concerned cathode materials for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. In order to improve its electrochemical performance, Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 with different content LiNbO3 coatings was synthesized by mechanical ball milling. The morphology, microstructure, and electrochemical properties of the samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, galvanostatic charge/discharge, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry. The results show that LiNbO3 coating not only protects the cathode material from the corrosion of electrolyte and HF but also improves the migration rate of Li+ in the interface region. Notably, the 5 wt% LiNbO3-coated Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 exhibits capacity retention of 89.9% under 0.1 C after 100 cycles. Besides, it has a higher discharge capacity than Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 at different rates. LiNbO3 coating is an effective way to improve its cycle stability and rate performance of Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2.

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Funding

This work received support from the Chongqing Technology Innovation and Application Development project of Chongqing Science and Technology Commission (No.cstc2019jscx-msxmX0358), the Key Project of Science and Technology Research of Chongqing Education Commission of China (No.KJZDK201801103), the Scientific and Technological Research Foundation of Chongqing Municipal Education Commission (No.KJQN201901110), the Venture & Innovation Support Program for Chongqing Overseas Returnees (No.cx2019128), and the General program of Chongqing Natural Science Foundation (No.cstc2019jcyj-msxmX0165).

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Correspondence to Xuebu Hu.

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Wang, J., Wu, K., Xu, C. et al. LiNbO3-coated Li1.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13O2 as a cathode material with enhanced electrochemical performances for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 32, 28223–28233 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-021-07199-1

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