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Synthesis, characterization of Ag nanoparticles using the green approach towards degradation of environmental pollutant

Abstract

In the present study, a facile and eco-friendly method was used for the preparation of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) by simultaneous bio-reduction of AgNO3 precursors with Simarouba glauca bark extract. The morphology, functional group, and chemical bonding were confirmed using transmission electron microscopic (TEM), scanning electron microscopic (SEM), FT-IR spectroscopic, UV–Vis spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction analysis. GC–MS investigated the mixtures of organic components. The FT-IR spectroscopy results showed the presence of C=O and C–O groups in the plant extract that played a critical role as capping and reducing agents of Ag NPs. Among all the catalysts, Ag NPs for different catalysts such as (A) 2.5 mL of bark: 1 mL of Ag solution, (B) 3 mL of bark: 1 mL of Ag solution (C) 3.5 mL of bark: 1 mL of Ag solution, and (D) 4 mL of bark: 1 mL of Ag solution were exhibited an excellent activity in the reduction of methylene blue with an apparent rate (Kapp) constant and turn over frequency (TOF). Out of which, 4 mL of bark: 1 mL of Ag solution (Ag NPs) catalyst exhibited the superior activity of Kapp value 116 × 10–4 s−1 and TOF value of 8.5 × 10–4 s−1 under pseudo-first-order reaction condition. These results reveal that synthesized Ag NPs have improved dye degradation efficiency of MB for potentials, and the synthesized Ag NPs could use in the environmental catalysts.

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Acknowledgements

The authors did not receive support from any organization for the submitted work. The author is also thankful for materials synthesis to provide the workplace for the Department of Chemistry, Trinity College for Women, Namakkal. Tamil Nadu-637 002, India and Department of Chemistry, Chikkaiah Naicker College, Erode, Tamil Nadu-638 004, India. The authors are also thankful for the facility of the instrument provided by SAIF, IIT Madras, Chennai, 600 036.

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Thangamani, N., Bhuvaneshwari, N. Synthesis, characterization of Ag nanoparticles using the green approach towards degradation of environmental pollutant. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-021-07188-4

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