This paper mainly studies the effects of the composites which is low-density polyethylene (LDPE) modified by BiFeO3 powder on space charge characteristics under external magnetic field treatment. In comparison, the nano-BiFeO3 powder is irregular and small when the micron-BiFeO3 powder has regular shape and overlapping structure. XRD shows that BiFeO3 powders used in materials have pure phase. According to the DSC and magnetic properties, the saturation magnetization and crystallinity of the composites under the magnetic field treatment are significantly higher than that of pure LDPE. According to the space charge test, the space charge content in the composite is lower than that in the pure LDPE, when the space charge content of nano-composites is less than that in the micron-composites, and the space charge content is lower at 1 wt% concentration. Under the magnetic field treatment, the space charge distribution of the composites can be promoted; meanwhile, the electric field distribution of the composites can be more balanced. Overall, nano-composites has the best inhibition effect on space charge accumulation, followed by class B micron-composites. The inhibition effect of class A micron-composites is worst; electric field distribution is uneven at the same time.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
W. Song, Z. Sun, D. Zhang, B. Han, L.J. He, X. Wang, Q.Q. Lei, Synthesis and characterization of low density polyethylene with multiferroic bismuth ferrite nanocomposite. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron. 27, 2328–2334 (2016)
S. Wei, W. Xuan, Z. Dong, S. Zhi, H. Bai, He. Lijuan, L. Qingquan, Preparation and characterization of multi-Fe material BiFeO3. J. Inorg Mater. 27(10), 1153–1157 (2012)
C. Wei, R. Zhang, X. Zhen, Q. Ru, Q. Chen, C. Cui, G. Li, D. Zhang, Hierarchical porous nico2o4/ceo2 hybrid materials for high performance supercapacitors. Inorg Chem Front 5(12), 3126–3134 (2018)
Li. Yudong, Z. Zhanxi, Lu. Xiao Kun, T.F. Yuncai, Space charge accumulation analysis of LDPE/SiO_2 nanocomposites before and after thermalaging. Electr Power Eng Technol 38(05), 164–169 (2019)
S. Song, H. Zhao, Z. Yao, Z. Yan, J. Yang, X. Wang, X. Zhao, Enhanced electrical properties of polyethylene-graft-polystyrene/LDPE composites. Polymers 12(1), 124 (2020)
L. Zhang, Y. Zhou, Y. Mo, Z. Zhou, Y. Sha, Lu. Zekai, Z. Cheng, Dielectric property and charge evolution behavior in thermally aged polyimide films. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 156, 292–300 (2018)
Y. Cheng, G. Yu, X. Zhang, B. Yu, The research of crystalline morphology and breakdown characteristics of polymer/micro-nano-composites. Materials 13(6), 1432 (2020)
W. Meng, C. Ruru, G. Junguo, Z. Xiaohong, Space charge performance of micro-nano SiO_2/low density polyethylene composites. J Compos 36(11), 2541–2551 (2019)
Z. Ruimin, Z. Peihong, S. Shuwei, S. Lue, Yu. Feng, M. Guangze, The effect of interface space charge on the electric field distribution of high voltage DC cable terminal. High Voltage Technol 45(06), 1762–1766 (2019)
Y. Jiang, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhou, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, Enhanced dielectric performance of P(VDF-HFP) composites with satellite–core-structured Fe2O3@BaTiO3 nanofillers. Polymers. 11(10), 1541 (2019)
W. Lan, X. Hao, Y. Dou, Z. Zhou, L. Yang, H. Liu, D. Li, Y. Dong, L. Kong, D. Zhang, Various structural types of cyanide-bridged FeIII–MnIII bimetallic coordination polymers (CPs) and polynuclear clusters based-on a new mer-tricyanoiron(III) building block: Synthesis, crystal structures, and magnetic properties. Polymers 11(10), 1585 (2019)
Y. Lu, Z. Pei, H. Wu, K. Leng, W.R. Xia, X.H. Zhu, Preparation of Ba2FeNbO6 double perovskite ceramics from molten-salt synthesized powders and their dielectric and magnetic properties. J Mater Sci 55, 4179–4192 (2020)
H. Baozhong, Li. Changming, Ma. Fenglian, The effect of steady magnetic field treatment on the positive temperature coefficient characteristics of polyethylene matrix composites. J Electr Eng 28(02), 55–59 (2013)
L. Yundang, H. Chuncheng, W. Yan, Preparation of multi-provincial quinone polymer/carbon black/low density polyethylene composite materials and their effect on space charge performance. J Qingdao Univ Sci Technol (Natural Science Edition) 39(03), 103–107 (2018)
XiuBo Xie, C. Ni, Z. Lin, Wu. Dan, X. Sun, Y. Zhang, B. Wang, Du. Wei, Phase and morphology evolution of high dielectric CoO/Co3O4 particles with Co3O4 nanoneedles on surface for excellent microwave absorption application. Chem Eng J 396, 125205 (2020)
H. Baozhong, Ma. Fenglian, G. Wenmin, W. Yanjie, J. Hui, The effect of magnetic field treatment on the electrical conductivity of LDPE and its carbon nanotube composites. New Carbon Mater. 28(01), 20–25 (2013)
Xu. Ruicheng, W. Zhenhua, C. Gang, Li. Chunyue, G. Rongli, Research progress of magnetoelectric coupling effect of multiferroic composite materials. Chin Ceram 54(09), 1–11 (2018)
Li. Hou, L. Shi, J. Zhao, S. Zhou, S. Pan, X. Yuan, Y. Xin, Room-temperature multiferroicity in CeFeO3 ceramics. J. Alloy. Compd. 797, 363–369 (2019)
Z. Yan, K. Yang, Y.Y. Zhang, S.H. Wang, J.J. Li, Crosslinking dependence of trap distribution and breakdown performance of crosslinked polyethylene. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 30, 20605–20613 (2019)
Y. Li, J. Hao, J. Zhang, W. Hou, C. Liu, R. Liao, Improvement of the space charge suppression and hydrophobicity property of cellulose insulation pressboard by surface sputtering a ZnO/PTFE functional film. Polymers 11(10), 1610 (2019)
H. Yang, Q. Chen, X. Wang, M. Chi, H. Liu, X. Ning, Dielectric and thermal conductivity of epoxy resin impregnated nano-h-BN modified insulating paper. Polymers 1(8), 1359 (2019)
A.R. Raja, B. Vissouvanadin, T.T. Vu, G. Teyssedre, N.I. Sinisuka, space charge measurement on XLPE cable for HVDC transmission using PEA method. Procedia Technol 11, 327–333 (2013)
Y. Li, S.D. Zhou, L. Zhu, H. Wu, F.M. Wang, F.M. Pan, Optimization of multiferroic properties in BiFeO3–BaTiO3-based ceramics by tuning oxygen octahedral distortion. J Mater Sci 55, 2750 (2020)
B. Han, X. Wang, Z. Sun, J. Yang, Q. Lei, Space charge suppression induced by deep traps in polyethylene/zeolite nanocomposite. Appl Phys Lett. 102(1), 012902 (2013)
W. Chao, D. Jieqing, T. Fengbo, L. Yuandi, Li. Jiansheng, Study on the inhibition effect of doped SiO_2 on the space charge of LDPE materials under tension. Insul Mater 12, 35–40 (2019)
The author would like to thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51607048) and Harbin University of Science and Technology Key Laboratory of Electrical Engineering, Research Group Members––Chuqi Yin, Yu Pang, and Shangzhen Hou.
Conflict of interest
The corresponding author declares that there is no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Fan, Y., Song, W., Li, L. et al. Space charge characteristics of micron- and nano-BiFeO3/LDPE composites under a magnetic field. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-04846-x