Co-doped ZnS (Zn1−xCoxS) nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that nanoparticles were polycrystalline in nature with the cubic crystal structure. A reduction in the lattice parameter for Co-doped ZnS nanoparticles was observed, indicating that Co2+ ions are incorporated into the ZnS matrix. The average crystallite size of prepared nanoparticles calculated using Scherrer’s formula and found to be 2–3 nm. The crystallite size and microstrain of samples were investigated by the W–H analysis method. EDX spectra of doped samples confirmed the presence of the elements Zn, S, and Co. The field emission-scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) images of nanoparticles are spherical with agglomeration. UV–visible measurements revealed that the optical bandgap of Zn1−xCoxS nanoparticles decreased with increasing cobalt concentration. Magnetic properties showed a paramagnetic-like behavior in all samples prepared at room temperature.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
A.P. Alivisatos, Semiconductor clusters nanocrystals and quantum dots. Science 271, 933–937 (1996)
A. Le Donne, S. Kanti Jana, S. Banerjee, S. Basu, S. Binetti, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 014903 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4772668
P.D. Amico, A. Calzolari, A. Ruini, A. Catellani, New energy with ZnS: novel applications for a standard transparent compound. Sci. Rep. 7, 16805 (2017)
M. Roushani, M. Shamsipur, H.R. Rajabi, J. Electroanal. Chem. 712, 19 (2014)
B. Hemmateenejad, M. Shamsipur, F. Samari, H.R. Rajabi, J. Iran. Chem. Soc. 12, 1729 (2015)
M. Roushani, M. Mavaei, H.R. Rajabi, J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 409, 102 (2015)
A. Reddy, G. Murali, R.P. Vijayalakshmi, B.K. Reddy, Appl. Phys. A 105, 119–124 (2011)
B. Sreenivasulu, S. Venkatramana Reddy, P. Venkateswara Reddy, J. Mater. Sci. (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-017-7911-5
S. Kar, S. Biswas, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 11144 (2008)
H.C. Ong, R.P.H. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3612 (2001)
Y.C. Fang, S.Y. Chu, H.C. Chen, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, k55 (2009)
S. Ghorai, N. Patra, A. Pal, D. Bhattacharya, S.N. Jha, B. Ray, S. Chatterjee, A.K. Ghosh, J. Alloys Compd. 805, 363–378 (2019)
N.K. Sunil Kumar, Verma. J. Mater. Sci. 25, 1132–1137 (2014)
V.D. Mote, Y. Purushotham, B.N. Dole, Cerâmica 59, 614–619 (2013)
Z.L. Wang, Mater Sci Eng R 64, 33–71 (2009)
C. Sociv, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S.A. Dayeh, D.P.R. Aplin, J. Park, Nano Lett. 7, 1003–1009 (2007)
K. Manzoor, V. Aditya, S.R. Vadera, N. Kumar, T.R.N. Kutty, Solid State Commun. 135, 16–20 (2005)
D. Saikia, J.P. Borah, Appl. Phys. A 124, 240 (2018)
C.S. Pathak, M.K. Mandal, V. Agarwal, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 16, 467–471 (2013)
S. Sambasivam, D.P. Joseph, J.G. Lin, C. Venkateswaran, J. Solid State Chem. 182, 2598–2601 (2009)
S. Kumar, C.L. Chen, C.L. Dong, Y.K. Ho, J.F. Lee, T.S. Chan, R. Thangavel, T.K. Chen, B.H. Mok, S.M. Rao, M.K. Wu, Room J. Alloy. Compd. 554, 357–362 (2013)
N. Eryong, L. Donglai, Z. Yunsen, B. Xue, Y. Liang, J. Yong, J. Zhifeng, S. Xiaosong, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257, 8762–8766 (2011)
C.S. Pathak, M.K. Mandal, Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid Commun. 5(3), 211–214 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-014-2287-2
J.K. Salem, T.M. Hammad, S. Kuhn, M. Abu Draaz, N.K. Hejazy, R. Hempelmann, J. Mater. Sci. 25, 2177–2182 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-014-1856-8
B.R. Kumar, B. Hymavathi, J. Asian Ceram. Soc. 5, 94–103 (2017)
E. Isbilir, Z. Serbetci, M. Soylu, Superlattice. Microst. 67, 144–155 (2014)
S. Sambasivam, D. Paul Joseph, J.G. Lin, C. Venkateswaran, J. Solid State Chem 182, 2598 (2009)
J. Dai, Z. Jiang, W. Li, G. Bian, Q. Zhu, Mater. Lett. 55(6), 383–387 (2002)
J.F. Reber, K. Meier, J. Phys. Chem. 88(24), 5903–5913 (1984)
D. Saikia, R.D. Raland, J.P. Borah, Phys. E 83, 56 (2016)
B. Poornaprakash, P.T. Poojitha, U. Chalapathi, S. Ramu, R.P. Vijayalakshmi, S.H. Park, Ceram. Int. 42, 8092 (2016)
M.A. Mahadik, Y.M. Hunge, S.S. Shinde, R.Y. Rajpure, G.H. Bhosale, J. Semi. 36, 033002–33011 (2015)
S. Paul, A. Choudhury, Appl. Nanosci. 4, 839–847 (2014)
J. Singh, S. Sharma, S. Soni, S. Sharma, R.C. Singh, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 98, 29–38 (2019)
P.C. Patel, S. Ghosh, P.C. Srivastava, J. Mater. Sci. 50, 7919–7929 (2015)
D. Saikia, J.P. Borah, J Mater Sci. 28, 8029–8037 (2017)
S. Elsi, S. Mohanapriya, K. Pushpanathan, J. Supercond. Novel Magn. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-020-05573-4
A. Franco Jr., H.V.S. Pessoni, P.R.T. Ribeiro, F.L.A. Machado, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 426, 347–350 (2017)
C. Bi, L. Pan, M. Xu, L. Qin, J. Yin, Mater. Chem. Phys. 116, 363–367 (2009)
Wu Meirong, Z. Wei, W. Zhao, X. Wang, J. Jiang, J. Nanomateri. 2017, 1603450 (2017)
P. Kaur, S. Kumar, A. Singh, Superlattices Microstruct. 83, 785–795 (2015)
P.K. Sharma, R.K. Dutta, A.C. Pandey, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321, 3457–3461 (2009)
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Jadhavar, V.V., Mote, V.D. & Munde, B.S. Study of structural, optical, and paramagnetic properties of Zn1−xCoxS nanoparticles prepared via co-precipitation. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 31, 17297–17306 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-04284-9