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A solvothermal induced self-assembling of SnO2/exfoliated graphite composite with enhanced lithium storage performances

  • Yong LiEmail author
  • Xiaomeng He
  • Yun Zhao
  • Changzhen Wang
  • Chunguang Gao
  • Yongxiang ZhaoEmail author
Article
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Abstract

A new solvothermal induced self-assembling method was investigated for the facile synthesis of SnO2/exfoliated graphite (EG) composite without any structure-directing agents. With the assistance of solvothermal treatment in an acetone-H2O mixture, ultra-small SnO2 nanoparticles of less than 10 nm could be transformed from a metastable state in colloidal solution to a highly-dispersed state on the inert surface of EG which was not acid-treated beforehand. The preparation conditions such as solvothermal time and SnO2 adding amount were found to be important factors influencing the structure and electrochemical performance of the composites. The half-sell using the SnO2/EG composite as an electrode exhibited a greatly enhanced lithium storage capacity of 910 mAh g−1 at the current density of 100 mA g−1 after 200 cycles and a moderate rate capability of 385 mAh g−1 at 1000 mA g−1. Compared with previous studies, this solvothermal induced self-assembling process supplies not only a promising anode material for newly advanced Li-ion batteries, but also a green and scalable approach for the preparation of metal oxide/carbon composites.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by National Scientific Research Funding of China [No. 51702191, No. 21603127], Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province [No. 201701D221062, No. 201801D221099], Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of High Education Institutions in Shanxi [No. 2017110]. The authors thank the Scientific Instrument Center of Shanxi University for the Kindly Help in material characterizations.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Fine Chemicals EngineeringShanxi UniversityTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShanxi UniversityTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Institute of Molecular Science, Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage of Shanxi ProvinceShanxi UniversityTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China

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