Synthesis and characterization of Mg–Ti substituted barium hexaferrite (BaMg0.6Ti0.6Fe10.8O19) derived from millscale waste for microwave application

  • Nurshahiera RosdiEmail author
  • Raba′ah Syahidah AzisEmail author
  • Muhammad Syazwan Mustaffa
  • Nor Hapishah Abdullah
  • Syazana Sulaiman
  • Tan Tong Ling


Mg–Ti substituted barium hexaferrite (BaMg0.6Ti0.6Fe10.8O19) nanoparticles prepared by using steel millscale waste have been investigated towards the structural, magnetic and microwave properties. The samples were prepared using high-energy ball milling technique with the hematite (Fe2O3) as the raw utilized and processed from millscale waste product. The peaks with a single phase hexagonal structure of BaMg0.6Ti0.6Fe10.8O19 are identified at 1000 °C revealed from X-ray diffraction analysis. Higher saturation magnetization, Ms, with high crystallinity was observed in the sample due to the enhancement of superexchange interaction within the sample. The best maximum reflection loss of − 22.59 dB at the frequency and bandwidth of 9.42 GHz and 0.14 GHz was achieved in sample sintered at 1000 °C.



The authors would like to thank Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA) and Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia for the measurements facilities and to Synchotron Light Research Institute (SLRI), Thailand for providing the services for Photoelectron Emission Spectroscopy. The authors also would like to thank the Universiti Putra Malaysia (Grant No. UPM/800-3/1/GP-IPS/9533300), (Grant No. UPM/700-2/GP-IPS/9580600) and (Grant No. UPM/700-1/2/2017/Geran Impak/9541600) for the financial supports.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nurshahiera Rosdi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raba′ah Syahidah Azis
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Muhammad Syazwan Mustaffa
    • 2
  • Nor Hapishah Abdullah
    • 3
  • Syazana Sulaiman
    • 1
  • Tan Tong Ling
    • 4
  1. 1.Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory (MSCL), Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA)Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Functional Devices Laboratory (FDL), Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA)Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  4. 4.Materials Processing and Technology Laboratory (MPTL), Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA)Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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