Giant electrical energy storage density in the P(VDF-TrFE)–graphene oxide composite papers with quasi-two-dimensional ferroelectricity
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The nanocomposites consisting of graphene oxide (GO) and ferroelectric copolymer poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE)] have been successfully synthesized by a co-evaporation method. The structural, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of the composite papers are investigated. The Raman spectroscopy analyses on the nanocomposites GO/P(VDF-TrFE) reveal that the defects in GOs are reduced significantly by the loading of ferroelectric P(VDF-TrFE). The IG/ID ratio increases from 1.02 (for pure GO) to 1.17 [for GO/P(VDF-TrFE)-10%], revealing that the defects are reduced by the introduction of the nano-fillers due to a strong interaction between GO and P(VDF-TrFE) in the nanocomposites. The permittivity of the nanocomposites is enhanced by almost 3-times as compared to that of the pristine GOs. The nanocomposites show a notably raised polarization with high applied electric field. Furthermore, due to the high dielectric constants, the electrical energy storage density of the nanocomposites is as high as ~ 39.89 J cm−3 at 2.8 MV cm−1. The large energy density and high dielectric break down strength suggest that GO/P(VDF-TrFE) could be the promising novel materials for electrical energy storage.
This work was supported by a grant from the Postdoctoral Fellowship Scheme of Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Grant No. #1-YW3F).
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