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Highly UV sensitive Sn nanoparticles blended with polyaniline onto micro-interdigitated electrode array for UV-C detection applications

Abstract

Highly UV sensitive sub-5 nm Sn nanoparticles-Polyaniline (Sn (NPs)-PANI) composite material has been formulated by chemical polymerisation. A thin film of the composite is deposited on Micro-Interdigitated Electrode (µ-IDEs) array for photodetector application. Considerably, higher optical density (10–12), w.r.t carbon of Sn (NPs) in Sn (NPs)-PANI/Al-IDE/Glass structures exhibit the exceedingly enhanced sensitivity towards UV illumination. There is substantial large contrast ratio of ∼ 2290 at − 1 V, significantly large responsivity ∼ 3.05 A/W, detectivity of ~ 2.26E + 13 Jones and reasonable rise/fall time of ∼ 0.7/1.7 s observed for Sn (NPs)-PANI/Al-IDE/Glass devices. Surface morphology, phase analysis, and elemental composition of Sn–PANI systems have been investigated by X-ray diffraction and Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), respectively. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis confirms the size of the Sn (NPs) and blend with Polyaniline. The significantly enhanced sensitivity of ~ 228514.3 for λ ~ 254 nm establishes the clear potential of the fabricated structure for UV-C detector application.

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Acknowledgements

The author S.S. would like to acknowledge the research fellowship from MHRD, Govt. of India. S.K.S acknowledge the financially support from Department of Science & Technology (DST), Govt. of India under TSG (Advanced Manufacturing Technology) Program with Ref. No DST/TSG/AMT/2015/634 for this work. S.D. acknowledges the support of Science and Engineering Research Board with the file no. PDF/2016/003135. Authors also acknowledge the Centre for Design and Fabrication of Electronic Devices (C4DFED), Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mandi, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India for use of various experimental and charactrization facilities.

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Sharma, S., Das, S., Khosla, R. et al. Highly UV sensitive Sn nanoparticles blended with polyaniline onto micro-interdigitated electrode array for UV-C detection applications. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 30, 7534–7542 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-019-01067-9

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