Dielectric, modulus and conductivity studies of Au/PVP/n-Si (MPS) structure in the wide range of frequency and voltage at room temperature

Abstract

Both the real-imaginary components of complex dielectric permittivity and electric modulus, and ac conductivity of Au/PVP/n-Si (MPS) structures were analyzed by admittance spectroscopy technique between 1 and 500 kHz, − 3 and 5 V. The polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) polymer layer was deposited on n-Si wafer by spin-coating technique. The ε′, ε″, M′, M″ and σac values were calculated from the admittance measurements and they are quite function of frequency and voltage due to a special distribution of surface states at PVP/n-Si interface, interfacial/dipole polarizations at low frequencies. While the ε′ and ε″ values decrease as frequency increases, the σac, M′ and M″ increase. The ln(σac) vs ln(ω) plot for 3V has two linear region between 1 and 20 kHz, 30 and 500 kHz frequencies, respectively. The obtained 0.033 slope value for low-frequencies which corresponding to dc conductivity and it is almost independent of frequency, but it obtained 0.46 for high-frequencies which corresponding ac conductivity and is strong function of frequency due to the increase eddy current. As a result, the prepared MPS structure can be used as charges/energy storage device due to the dielectric property of the PVP polymer layer.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. 1.

    Ş Altındal, H. Uslu, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 074503 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    N. Baraz, İ Yücedağ, Y. Azizian-Kalandaragh, G. Ersöz, İ Orak, Ş Altındal, B. Akbari, H. Akbari, J. Electron. Mater. 46, 4276–4286 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Ç Bilkan, Y. Badali, S. Fotouhi-Shablou, Y. Azizian-Kalandaragh, Ş Altındal, Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process. 123, 560–610 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    M. Siva Pratap Reddy, K. Sreenu, V. Rajagopal Reddy, C. Park, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 4847–4855 (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    V.M. Mohan, W. Qiu, J. Shen, W. Chen, J. Polym. Res. 17, 143–150 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    A. Büyükbaş-Uluşan, A. Tataroglu, Y. Azizian-Kalandaragh, Ş Altındal, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 159–170 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    E.E. Tanrıkulu, S. Demirezen, Ş Altındal, İ Uslu, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 2890–2898 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    A.F. Mansour, S.F. Mansour, M.A. Abdo, IOSR J. Appl. Phys. 7, 60–69 (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    A. Manjunath, T. Deepa, N.K. Supreetha, M. Irfan, Adv. Mater. Phys. Chem. 5, 295–301 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    A. Alakanandana, A.R. Subrahmanyam, J.S. Kumar, Mater. Today: Proceed. 3, 3680–3688 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    S. Badr, E. Sheha, R.M. Bayomi, M.G. El-Shaarawy, Ionics 16, 269–275 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    T.G. Abdel-Malik, R.M. Abdel-Latif, A. Sawaby, S.M. Ahmed, J. Appl. Sci. Res. 4, 331–336 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    S.K. Shahenoor Basha, G.S. Sundari, K.V. Kumar, M.C. Rao, Poly. Sci. Series: A 59, 554–565 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    S.B.M. Baraker, B. Lobo Mapana, J. Sci. 16, 45–65 (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    S.H.M. Zidan, N.A. El-Ghamaz, A.M. Abdelghany, A. Lotfy, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 11, 9041–9056 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    A. Rawat, P.J. Singh, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. 56, 170–176 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    E.H. Nicollian, J.R. Brews,, MOS Physics and Technology (Wiley, New York, 1982)

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    S.M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 2nd edn. (Wiley, New York, 1981)

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    D.K. Schroder, Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization (Wiley, New York, 1990)

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    E.H. Nicollian, A. Goetzberger, Bell Syst. Technol. J. 46, 1055–1133 (1967)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    A. Tataroglu, Ş Altındal, Vacuum 82, 1203–1207 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    F.Z. Acar, A. Buyukbas-Ulusan, A. Tataroglu, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 12553–12560 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    A. Büyükbaş-Uluşan, S. Altındal Yerişkin, A. Tataroğlu, M. Balbaşı, Y. Azizian, Kalandaragh, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 8234–8243 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    V.Rajagopal Reddy, Indian J. Phys. 89, 463–469 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    A. Chelkowski, Dielectric Physics (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1980)

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    M. Popescu, I. Bunget, Physics of Solid Dielectrics (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1984)

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    K.C. Kao, Dielectric Phenomena in Solids (Elsevier, London, 2004)

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    H.N. Chandrakala, B. Ramaraj, G.M. Shivakumaraiah, Madhu, Siddaramaiah, J. Mater. Sci. 47, 8076–8084 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    A. Büyükbaş-Uluşan, A. Tataroglu, Silicon 10, 2071–2077 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    H.E. Lapa, A. Kökce, A. Faruk Özdemir, İ Uslu, Ş Altındal, Bull. Mater. Sci. 41, 82 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    N. Baraz, İ Yücedağ, Y. Azizian-Kalandaragh, Ş Altındal, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 1315–1321 (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    O. Bidault, P. Goux, M. Kchikech, M. Belkaoumi, M. Maglione, Phys. Rev. B 49, 7868–7873 (1994)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    R. Tripathi, A. Kumar, Ch Bharti, T.P. Sinh, Curr. Appl. Phys. 10, 676–681 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    İ Orak, A. Kocyigit, S. Altındal, Chin. Phys. B 26, 028102 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    R. Ertugrul, A. Tataroglu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 077304 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    A. Philip, S. Thomas, R. Nisha, K.R. Kumar, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. 53, 464–469 (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    S. Altındal Yerişkin, M. Balbaşı, A. Tataroğlu, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 133, 43827 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    İ Taşçıoğlu, Ö Tüzün Özmen, H.M. Şağban, E. Yağlıoğlu, S. Altındal, J. Electron. Mater. 46, 2379–2386 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    H. Tecimer, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 20141–20145 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    A. Tataroglu, I. Yucedag, S. Altındal, Microelectron. Eng. 85, 1518–1523 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    A. Chakrabarti, J. Bera, T.P. Sinha, Phys. B 404, 1498–1502 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    A.K. Dubey, P. Singh, S. Singh, D. Kumar, O. Parkash, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 3899–3906 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    T. Badapanda, R.K. Harichandan, S.S. Nayak, A. Mishra, S. Anwar, Process. Appl. Ceramics 8, 145–153 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    H. Tecimer, T. Tunc, S. Altındal, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 29, 3790–3799 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    A.K. Jonscher, J. Mater. Sci. 16, 2037–2060 (1981)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    P.S. Anantha, K. Hariharan, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 121, 12–19 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. 47.

    H. Du, Y. Li, H. Li, X. Shi, C. Solid State Commun. 148, 357–360 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  48. 48.

    M. Ram, S. Chakrabarti, J. Alloys Compd. 462, 214–219 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by Çankırı Karatekin and Gazi University Scientific Research Project (BAP) with the project FF200217B38 and FF06/2018-05, respectively.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. Tataroğlu.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Alptekin, S., Tataroğlu, A. & Altındal, Ş. Dielectric, modulus and conductivity studies of Au/PVP/n-Si (MPS) structure in the wide range of frequency and voltage at room temperature. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 30, 6853–6859 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-019-00998-7

Download citation