Cuprous oxide (Cu2O) nanocubes were fruitfully synthesized via facile solvothermal route. The crystalline nature and structural confirmation of the synthesized nanocubes was revealed by XRD and Raman studies. The oxygen defects and luminescent abilities were explored by PL studies. The FTIR metal–oxygen vibrations present in Cu2O nanocubes was observed at 510 cm−1. The typical nanocube morphology and the decrease in particle size with NaOH concentration increase was revealed by SEM images. The particle sizes of the best performed nanocubes (2 µm) have been tested for antimicrobial properties. The particle size effect on improved diamagnetic behavior of 5 × 10−3 emu/g was reported for 6 µm scale range. The enhanced antibacterial properties against Gram-positive (Bacillus thuringiensis) and Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria were reported.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
K.M. Shrestha, C.M. Sorensen, K.J. Klabunde, Synthesis of CuO nanorods, reduction of CuO into Cu nanorods and diffuse reflectance measurements of CuO and Cu nanomaterials in the near infrared region. J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 14368–14376 (2010)
M. Yin, C.K. Wu, Y. Lou, C. Burda, J.T. Koberstein, Y. Zhu, S.O. Brien, Copper oxide nanocrystals. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 9506–9511 (2005)
J.P. Espinos, J. Morales, A. Barranco, A. Caballero, J.P. Holgado, A.R.G. Elipe, Interface effects for Cu,CuO and Cu2O deposited on SiO2 and ZrO2, XPS determination of the valence state of copper in Cu/SiO2 and Cu/ZrO2 catalysts. J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 6921–6929 (2002)
G.P. Pollack, D. Trivich, Photoelectric properties of cuprous oxide. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 163–172 (1975)
K. Akimoto, S. Ishizuka, M. Yanagita, Y. Nawa, G.K. Paul, T. Sakurai, Thin film deposition of Cu2O and applications for solar cells. Sol. Energy 80, 715–722 (2006)
Y.Y. Su, R.M. Shemenski, Qualitative and quantitative identification of copper oxides. Surf. Interface Anal. 40, 1183–1189 (2008)
J. Ren, W. Wang, S. Sun, L. Zhang, L. Wang, J. Chang, Crystallography facet-dependent antibacterial activity: the case of Cu2O. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 50, 10366–10369 (2011)
D.E. Speliotis, Magnetic recording beyond the first 100 years. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 193, 29–35 (1999)
R.H. Kodama, A.E. Berkowitz, Atomic scale magnetic modeling of oxide nanoparticles. Phys. Rev. B 59, 6321 (1999)
S. Asbrink, L.J. Norrby, A refinement of the crystal structure of copper oxide with a discussion of some exceptional esds. ActaCrystallogr. Sect. B 26, 8–15 (1970)
H.L. Schlafer, G. Gliemann, Basic Principles of Ligand Field Theory (Wiley, New York, 1969), p. 120
Y.J. Lee, S. Kim, S.H. Park, H. Park, Y.D. Huh, Morphology-dependent antibacterial activities of Cu2O. Mater. Lett. 65, 818–820 (2011)
N. Perakis, A. Serres, Etude de la semi-conductivite de loxydecuivreuxdapres son comportementmagnetique entre 80 et 1000 K. J. Phys. Radium 16, 387 (1955)
M.O. Keeffe, F.S. Stone, The magnetochemistry and stoichiometry of the copper-oxygen system, Proc. R. Soc. A 267, 501 (1962)
S.M. Abdelbasir, S.M. ElSheikh, M.M. Rashad, D.A. Rayan, Controlling the optical and magnetic properties of nanostructured cuprous oxide synthesized from waste electric cables. Electron. Mater. Lett. 13391, 0056–0058 (2018)
J. Wei, Z. Zang, Y. Zhang, M. Wang, J. Du, X. Tang, Enhanced performance of light-controlled conductive switching in hybrid cuprous oxide/reduced graphene oxide(Cu2O/rGO) nanocomposites. Opt. Lett. 42, 911–914 (2017)
W.V. da Costa, B.S. Pereira, M.C. Montanha, E. Kimura, A.A.W. Hechenleitner, D.M.F. de Oliveira, E.A.G. Pineda, Hybrid materials based on cotton fabric-Cu2O nanoparticles with antibacterial properties against S. aureus. Mater. Chem. Phys. 201, 339–343 (2017)
D.D. Gultekin, H. Nadaroglu, A.A. Gungor, N.H. Kishali, Biosynthesis and characterization of copper oxide nanoparticles using cimin grape (Vitis vinifera cv.) extract. Int. J. Second. Metabol. 4, 77–84 (2017)
M. Akilarasan, S. Kogularasu, S.M. Chen, T.W. Chen, M. Govidasamy, B.S. Lou, Effects of annealing temperature on crystal structure and glucose sensing properties of cuprous oxide. Sens. Actuators B 266, 655–663 (2018)
P.C. Rath, D. Saikia, M. Mishra, H.M. Kao, Exceptional catalytic performance of ultrafine Cu2O nanoparticles confined in cubic mesoporous carbon for 4-nitrophenol reduction. Appl. Surf. Sci 427, 1217–1226 (2018)
L. Chen, M. Liu, Y. Zhao, Q. Kou, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Yang, Y.M. Jung, Enhanced catalyst activity by decorating of Au on Ag@Cu2O nanoshell. Appl. Surf. Sci. 435, 72–78 (2018)
D. Xu, C. Zhu, X. Meng, Z. Chen, Y. Li, D. Zhang, S. Zhu, Design and fabrication of Ag-CuO nanoparticles on reduced graphene oxide for nonenzymatic detection of glucose. Sens. Actuators B 265, 435–442 (2018)
M. Verma, V. Kumar, A. Katoch, Sputtering based synthesis of CuO nanoparticles and their structural, thermal and optical studies. Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 76, 55–60 (2018)
I.M.S. Araujo, R.R. Silva, G. Pacheco, W.R. Lustri, A. Tercjak, J. Gutierrez, J.R.S. Junior, F.H.C. Azevedo, G.S. Figueredo, M.L. Vega, S.J.L. Ribeiro, H.S. Barud, Hydrothermal synthesis of bacterial cellulose-copper oxide nanocomposites and evaluation of their antimicrobial activity. Carbohydr. Polym. 179, 341–349 (2018)
R. Yoo, S. Yoo, D. Lee, J. Kim, S. Cho, W. Lee, Highly selective detection of dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) using CuO nanoparticles/ZnO flowers heterojunction. Sens. Actuators B 240, 1099–1105 (2017)
M. Sheikholeslami, D.D. Ganji, Numerical approach for magnetic nanofluid flow in a porous cavity using CuO nanoparticles. Mater. Des. 120, 382–393 (2017)
R. Jana, A. Dey, M. Das, J. Datta, P. Das, P.P. Ray, Improving performance of device made up of CuO nanoparticles synthesized by hydrothermal over the reflux method. Appl. Surf. Sci. 452, 155–164 (2018)
R. Naghikhani, G. Nabiyouni, D. Ghanbari, Simple and green synthesis of CuFe2O4-CuO nanocomposite using some natural extracts: photo-degradation and magnetic study of nanoparticles. J. Mater. Sci. 29, 4689–4703 (2018)
X. Liu, Y. Sun, M. Yu, Y. Yin, B. Du, W. Tang, T. Jiang, B. Yang, W. Cao, M.N.R. Ashfold, Enhanced ethanol sensing properties of ultrathin ZnOnanosheets decorated with CuO nanoparticles. Sens. Actuators B 255, 3384–3390 (2018)
N. Siregar, I.P.T. Indrayana, E. Suharyadi, T. Kato, S. Iwata, Effect of synthesis temperature and NaOH concentration on microstructural and magnetic properties of Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nanoparticles. Mater. Sci. Eng. 202, 012048 (2017)
B.J. Rani, B. Saravanakumar, G. Ravi, V. Ganesh, A. Sakunthala, R. Yuvakkumar, Structural, optical and magnetic properties of NiO nanopowders. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 18, 1–9 (2018)
J.F. Xu, W. Ji, Z.X. Shen, W.S. Li, S.H. Tang, X.R. Ye, D.Z. Jia, X.Q. Xin, Raman spectra of CuO nanocrytals. J. Raman Spectrosc. 30, 413–415 (1999)
J. Mao, J. He, X. Sun, W. Li, X. Lu, J. Gan, Z. Liu, Z. Gong, J. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Tong, Electrochemical synthesis of hierarchical Cu2O stars with enhanced photoelectrochemical properties. Electrochim. Acta 62, 1–7 (2012)
M.A. Dar, Q. Ahsanulhaq, Y.S. Kim, J.M. Sohn, H.S. Shin, Versatile synthesis of rectangular shaped nanobat like CuO nanostructures by hydrothermal method: structural properties and growth mechanism. Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 6279–6284 (2009)
P. Chand, A. Gaur, A. Kumar, Structural, optical and ferroelectric behavior of CuO nanostructures synthesized at different pH values. Superlatt. Microstruct. 81, 243–247 (2015)
B.J. Rani, B. Saravanakumar, G. Ravi, V. Ganesh, S. Ravichandran, R. Yuvakkumar, Structural, optical and magnetic properties of CuFe2O4 nanoparticles. J. Mater. Sci. 29, 1975–1984 (2018)
A. Sharma, R.K. Dutta, A. Roychowdhury, D. Das, Studies on structural defects in bare, PVP capped and TPPO capped copper oxide nanoparticles by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy and its impact on photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B. RSC Adv 6, 74812–74821 (2016)
B. Zhao, P. Liu, H. Zhuang, Z. Jiao, T. Fang, W. Xu, B. Lub, Y. Jiang, Hierarchical self-assembly of microscale leaf-like CuO on graphene sheets for high-performance electrochemical capacitors. J. Mater. Chem. A 1, 367 (2013)
R. Katirci, Effects of ZnO and NaOH in Zn-Ni bath. Surf. Eng. 31, 1 (2015)
K. Dhanabalan, A.T. Ravichandran, K. Ravichandran, S. Valanarasu, S. Mantha, Effect of Co doped material on the structural, optical and magnetic properties of Cu2O thin films by SILAR technique. J. Mater. Sci. 28, 4431–4439 (2017)
C. Chen, L. He, L. Lai, H. Zhang, J. Lu, L. Guo, Y. Li, Magnetic properties of undoped Cu2O fine powders with magnetic impurities and/or cation vacancies. J. Phys. 21, 145601–145608 (2009)
M. Srivastava, S. Chaubey, A.K. Ojha, Investigation on size dependent structural and magnetic behavior of nickel ferrite nanoparticles prepared by sol-gel and hydrothermal methods. Mater. Chem. Phys. 118, 174–180 (2009)
M.D. Marco, X.W. Wang, R.L. Snyder, J. Simmins, S. Bayya, M. White, M.J. Naughton, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 6287 (1993)
H. Pang, F. Gao, Q. Lu, Morphology effect on antibacterial activity of cuprous oxide. Chem. Commun. 9, 1076–1078 (2009)
K. Gopalakrishnan, C. Ramesh, V. Ragunathan, M. Thamilselvan, Antibacterial activity of Cu2O nanoparticles on e.coli synthesized from tridaxprocumbens leaf extract and surface coating with polyaniline. Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct. 7, 833–839 (2012)
N. Padmavathy, R. Vijayaraghavan, Enhanced bioactivity of ZnO nanoparticles an antimicrobial study. Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 9, 035004 (2008)
The authors are very grateful to the Localization and Development Technology Platform for the Infectious Diseases Surveillance and the Detection Project at Kind Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology. This work was also supported by UGC Start-Up Research Grant No. F.30-326/2016 (BSR). The authors Fuad Ameen, S. AlNadhary are grateful to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding this work through research group No. (RGP-1438-029).
About this article
Cite this article
AlYahya, S., Rani, B.J., Ravi, G. et al. Size dependent magnetic and antibacterial properties of solvothermally synthesized cuprous oxide (Cu2O) nanocubes. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 29, 17622–17629 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-018-9865-7