Controllable synthesis and formation mechanism of 3D flower-like TiO2 microspheres

  • Chaoyang Hu
  • Lei E
  • Dan Zhao
  • Kangkai Hu
  • Jin Cui
  • Qiumin Xiong
  • Zhifeng Liu


The high recombination rate of electrons and holes has been one of the important reasons for limiting photocatalytic efficiency. In order to improve the photocatalytic performance, the reduction of the recombination probability can be achieved by regulating the morphology of the microspheres. 3D flower-like TiO2 microspheres were successfully prepared by a one-step hydrothermal method using tetrabutyl titanate (TBT) as titanium source, glacial acetic acid (HAc) as solvent and capping agent. The TiO2 microspheres were analyzed by XRD, SEM, and N2 adsorption–desorption isotherm for structure and morphology characterization. The results show that the samples were self-assembled by nanosheets to form the anatase TiO2 microspheres with mesoporous structure and the surface area of TiO2 can reach 356 m2/g. As the heat treatment temperature increases, the nanosheets were destroyed. The methylene orange (MO) was degraded 99% in 2 h, and the catalyst could be reused many times over. The formation mechanism of flower-like TiO2 microspheres was discussed in detail based on the above investigations.



Funding was provided by Science Funds of Tianjin for Distinguished Young Scholar (Grant No. 17JCJQJC44800) and Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin City (Grant No. 16JCYBJC17900).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaoyang Hu
    • 1
  • Lei E
    • 1
  • Dan Zhao
    • 1
  • Kangkai Hu
    • 1
  • Jin Cui
    • 1
  • Qiumin Xiong
    • 1
  • Zhifeng Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin Chengjian UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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