Effect of ZnO/WO3 additives on sintering behavior and microwave dielectric properties of (Sr,Ca)TiO3–(Sm,Nd)AlO3 ceramics

  • Wentao Xie
  • Qinxian Jiang
  • Qinglin Cao
  • Xusong Xu
  • Hongqing Zhou


The effect of ZnO/WO3 additives on phase composition, microstructures, sintering behavior, and microwave dielectric properties of 0.7(Sr0.01Ca0.99)TiO3–0.3(Sm0.75Nd0.25)AlO3 (7SCT–3SNA) ceramics prepared via conventional solid-state route were systematically investigated. All the samples exhibited pure perovskite structures, and Ti4+ ions could be substituted by W6+ ions. While further increasing WO3 additives, the W6+ ions migrated into the lattice. The τ f values of samples first became more positive, and then tended to move toward negative direction with increasing WO3 addition. Moderate ZnO/WO3 additives not only effectively reduced the sintering temperature from 1500 to 1330 °C but also improved the dielectric properties of 7SCT–3SNA ceramics. The 0.50 wt% ZnO doped 7SCT–3SNA sample with 1.00 wt% of WO3, sintered at 1330 °C for 4 h, was measured to show optimum microwave dielectric properties, with an ε r of 45.12, a Q × f value of 51200 GHz (at 5.4 GHz), and τ f value of + 2.68 ppm/°C.



The authors are grateful to the support of Program for Advanced Research and Key Technology in Industry of Jiangsu Province (BE2015007-1), the Talent Introduction Project of Jiangsu University of Technology (KYY16030), the National Natural Science Foundation (No. 51475219), and Major project of natural science research in universities of Jiangsu: Research on key technology of material/structure integrated design of CFRP car body (16KJA460002).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wentao Xie
    • 1
  • Qinxian Jiang
    • 1
  • Qinglin Cao
    • 1
  • Xusong Xu
    • 1
  • Hongqing Zhou
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringJiangsu University of TechnologyChangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Material Science and EngineeringNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina

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