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Synthesis and study of structural, dielectric, magnetic and magnetoelectric properties of K0.5Na0.5NbO3–CoMn0.2Fe1.8O4 composites

  • Yogesh Kumar
  • K. L. Yadav
Article

Abstract

Magnetoelectric (ME) composites consisting of K0.5Na0.5NbO3 (KNN) as ferroelectric phase and CoMn0.2Fe1.8O4 (CMFO) as ferrite phase with general formula (x) CoMn0.2Fe1.8O4–(1 − x) K0.5Na0.5NbO3 (x = 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 wt%) were synthesized using solid state reaction method. X-ray diffraction analysis asserts the existence of component phases including spinel phase of CMFO and orthorhombic phase of KNN. Field emission scanning electron microscopy has been used for studying the morphology and calculation of average grain size. The temperature dependent dielectric properties including dielectric constant (\(\varepsilon ^{\prime}\)) and dielectric loss (tan δ) at different frequencies has been studied and both are found to increase with incorporation of CMFO. Magnetic hysteresis loops have been measured at temperatures of 300 and 5 K. Variation of magnetization versus temperature has been studied in field cooled and zero field cooled modes. Polarization versus electric field (P–E) hysteresis loops are obtained at room temperature indicating presence of ferroelectric ordering in the composites at room temperature. The remnant polarization (2Pr) and coercive field (2Ec) are found to decrease linearly with incorporation of CMFO. ME voltage coefficient (αME) has been measured. The maximum value of αME is found to be 5.941 mV/cm-Oe for 10% CMFO–90% KNN bulk composite.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Author (YK) is thankful to MHRD, Government of India, New Delhi for providing research fellowship. Authors are also thankful to R.K. Kotnala (Chief Scientist), NPL Delhi, for providing magnetoelectric characterization facility.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Smart Materials Research Laboratory, Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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