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Hierarchical porous carbon with high nitrogen content derived from plant waste (pomelo peel) for supercapacitor

  • Guangsheng Fu
  • Qiang Li
  • Jianglin Ye
  • JunJian Han
  • Jiaqi Wang
  • Lei Zhai
  • Yanwu Zhu
Article
  • 327 Downloads

Abstract

The plant waste pomelo peels are used as carbon precursors to fabricate nitrogen-doped hierarchical porous carbon. The sample PC600 is fabricated at mild calcination temperature of 600 °C, which has nitrogen content of as high as 4.47% and hierarchical pores with a BET surface area of 1104 m2 g−1. The symmetric supercapacitor based on PC600//PC600 electrodes exhibits excellent electrochemical performance benefiting from both the electric double-layer capacitance and pseudocapacitance of PC600. In 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte, this supercapacitor delivers gravimetric capacitance of 208.7 F g−1, volumetric capacitance of 219.3 F cm−3, and energy density of 7.3 Wh kg−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1. Furthermore, the extraordinary energy density of 21.6 Wh kg−1 at 1 A g−1 and 17.1 Wh kg−1 at 20 A g−1 are obtained in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMIMBF4) electrolyte. The suitable calcination process can make the contents of nitrogen atoms and pores structures in PC600 to achieve an optimal combination, leading to improved electrochemical performance.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors appreciate financial support from the China Government 1000 Plan Talent Program, China MOE NCET Program, Natural Science Foundation of China (51322204), Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (No. 20120111120009) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (WK2060140014, WK2060140017, 2013HGXJ0199, J2014HGXJ0092).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electronic Science and Applied PhysicsHefei University of TechnologyHefeiChina
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  3. 3.NanoScience Technology Center and Department of ChemistryUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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