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Photoreduction of 4-Nitrophenol in the presence of carboxylic acid using CdS nanofibers

  • Agileo Hernández-Gordillo
  • Próspero Acevedo-Peña
  • Monserrat Bizarro
  • Sandra E. Rodil
  • Ricardo Gómez
Article
  • 144 Downloads

Abstract

The photocatalytic reduction of 4-Nitrophenol was assisted with blue light irradiation using CdS semiconductor nanofiber. The kinetic study of the blue-photoreduction of 4-Nitrophenol to 4-Aminophenol was performed by using Na2SO3 as “hole scavenger” in the presence of middle carboxylic acids (acetic, oxalic and citric acid). The effect of photocatalyst load, the carboxylic acid concentration and of the pH solution (acid, neutral and alkaline media) were investigated. The maximum 4-Nitrophenol photoreduction rate was reached in neutral media and it is related to the enhanced “hole scavenging” effect caused by the SO32− or HSO32− ions in the presence of carboxylic acid. Electrochemical characterization of CdS nanofiber was made in the presence of 4-NP and citric acid. The 4-NP photoreduction reaction follows a zero order reaction and a possible mechanism to explain the fast electron transfer process is discussed as a consequence of the carboxylic acid adsorbed on the CdS surface.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author thank to CONACYT for the Catedras-Conacyt/1169. The authors also acknowledge the financial support from UNAM-PAPIIT IN106015 project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agileo Hernández-Gordillo
    • 1
  • Próspero Acevedo-Peña
    • 2
  • Monserrat Bizarro
    • 1
  • Sandra E. Rodil
    • 1
  • Ricardo Gómez
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior SNCiudad UniversitariaCoyoacán, Mexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Conacyt-Centro de Investigación en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada-Unidad Legaria, IPNMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Depto. de Química, Área de Catálisis, Grupo ECOCATALUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana-IztapalapaMexico CityMexico

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