Luminescence properties and energy transfer of co-doped Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Ce3+,Tb3+ green-emitting phosphors
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Phase pure Ce3+ and Tb3+ singly doped and Ce3+/Tb3+ co-doped Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F samples have been synthesized via the high temperature solid-state reaction. The crystal structures, photoluminescence properties, fluorescence lifetimes, thermal properties and energy transfer of Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Ce3+,Tb3+ were systematically investigated. Rietveld structure refinement indicates that Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F crystallizes in a hexagonal crystal system with the space group P-6. For the co-doped Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Ce3+,Tb3+ samples, the emission color can be tuned from blue to green by varying the doping concentration of the Tb3+ ions. The intense green emission was realized in the Ba3GdNa(PO4)3F:Ce3+,Tb3+ phosphors on the basis of the highly efficient energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+. Also the energy transfer mechanism has been confirmed to be quadrupole–quadrupole interaction, which can be validated via the agreement of critical distances obtained from the concentration quenching (13.84 Å). These results show that the developed phosphors may possess potential applications in near-ultraviolet pumped white light-emitting diodes.
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21576002), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11604170), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (No. ZR2014AQ018), Scientific Research in Universities of Shandong Province (No. J16LJ06).
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