Probing into the optical and electrical properties of hybrid Zn1−xCoxSe thin films


Probing into the elemental composition, structural, morphological, optical and electrical transport properties of chemically deposited Zn1−xCoxSe (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.275) thin films with a special emphasis given to the Co2+-concentration is presented in this paper. Elemental and structural analysis confirmed the successful realization of Co(ZnSe) thin films. Addition of Co2+ into ZnSe host lattice caused morphological changes from globule like morphology to the formation of leaf like appearance composing the disc-decked micro-flakes elongated in size. The optical studies done in the range of wavelengths between 350 to 1200 nm showed a slight red shift in the optical spectrum with increased Co2+ concentration in the ZnSe matrix. Effect of increased impurity addition is also reflected in the band gap measurements that a decrease in the bandgap, typically from 2.71 to 1.96 eV, is observed for an increase in Co2+ concentration from x = 0–0.275. The other optical parameters namely, refractive index, extinction coefficient, power factor and dielectric constants were determined from these studies and other variations are adequately explained as a special reference to the Co-concentration. The composition dependence of the electrical transport characteristics were studied using the two-probe and Hall measurement techniques. The effect of Co-concentration on the transport characteristics has been studied and mechanism of an electrical conduction is discussed. A continuous increase in an electrical conductivity with n-type conduction has been observed for these samples.

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One of the authors (STP) would like to acknowledge Solapur University, Solapur for the grant of the Departmental Research Fellowship.

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Correspondence to S. S. Kamble or L. P. Deshmukh.

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Pawar, S.T., Chavan, G.T., Prakshale, V.M. et al. Probing into the optical and electrical properties of hybrid Zn1−xCoxSe thin films. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 29, 3704–3714 (2018).

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