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Review on magnetically separable graphitic carbon nitride-based nanocomposites as promising visible-light-driven photocatalysts

  • Mitra Mousavi
  • Aziz Habibi-YangjehEmail author
  • Shima Rahim Pouran
Review

Abstract

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has gained remarkable acceptance as a visible-light-driven photocatalyst with a distinctive 2D structure and great stability. Owing to its superior features, g-C3N4 has been engaged in various scientific activities for environmental pollution abatement, production and storage of energy, and gas sensors. However, the visible-light efficiency of pure g-C3N4 is very poor and its separation from the phototreated systems is difficult. The most promising method to improve the photocatalytic activity and facilitate separation process is to introduce a magnetic compound over the g-C3N4 sheets. This review has mainly focused on the recent advancement in fabrication, characterization and application of magnetic g-C3N4-based nanocomposites. Accordingly, four primary g-C3N4-based nanocomposites are discussed based on the type of integrated magnetic material. The effects on the structure, physico-chemical properties, photocatalytic activity towards degradation of pollutants, hydrogen generation, solid phase extraction, lithium-ion batteries, gas sensors, and supercapacitors are also discussed in detail.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge University of Mohaghegh Ardabili-Iran, for financial support of this work. Shima Rahim Pouran as a postdoc researcher gratefully acknowledges the support of National Elites Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Mohaghegh ArdabiliArdabilIran
  2. 2.Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran

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