Effective dual role catalyst of mixed oxide heterostructure for photocatalyst and electrocatalytic sensing of isoniazid
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The hetero-composite metal oxide nanostructures have received great attention owing to their synergistic microstructural features with distinct functionalities. Herein, CuO–Ce2O3 mixed metal oxide (MMO) was synthesized using facile and effective hydrothermal approach. The catalyst material was characterized with essential analytical techniques to confirm the phase, crystallinity and surface morphology. As an active catalyst, the dual performances of effective photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) and electro-oxidative sensing of Isoniazid (INH) was observed. The photodegradation of MB was investigated in the presence of O2 ·−, OH· radicals and photogenerated holes (h+); among these three, h+ involved efficiently for MB photodegradation under visible light. From the Tauc plot, the bandgap energy for CuO and Ce2O3 were found to ~1.8 and ~2.7 eV respectively. Cyclic voltammetry was used to investigate the electro-oxidation of Isoniazid on CuO–Ce2O3 modified/glassy carbon electrode (GCE). It reveals that MMO can facilitate the electrochemical oxidation of Isoniazid with a great decrease in over potential from 0.8 to 0.4 V at pH 7 phosphate buffer solution. Furthermore, the MMO exhibits excellent catalytic performance towards electro-oxidation of INH over the linear range of 6–50 µM with low detection limit of 0.33 µM at 50 mV scan rate. Thus it can be concluded that MMO/GCE could be a potential bi-functional catalyst for the MB photodegradation and efficient sensing of INH.
KeywordsCe2O3 Methylene Blue Photocatalytic Activity High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Glassy Carbon Electrode
The authors acknowledge the University of Hyderabad (HCU) for providing FE-SEM and National Centre for Nano science and Nanotechnology (NCNSNT), University of Madras for XPS and HR-TEM analyses.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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